Rule 23 - Four-Ball

23.2 Scoring in Four-Ball

23.2a/1 – Result of Hole When No Ball Is Correctly Holed Out

In Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match playMatch Play: A form of play where a player or side plays directly against an opponent or opposing side in a head-to-head match of one or more rounds:(...Continued), if no player completes a hole, the sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) whose player is last to pick up or be disqualified from the hole wins the hole.

For example, sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B are playing against sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D in a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match. On a given hole, by mistake Player A plays Player C’s ball and then Player C plays Player A’s ball and each hole outHoled: When a ball is at rest in the hole after a stroke and the entire ball is below the surface of the putting green.(...Continued) with that ball. Player B and Player D both play into penalty areasPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued) and pick up. During play of the next hole, Player A and Player C determine that both of them played a wrong ballWrong Ball: Any ball other than the player’s:(...Continued) on the prior hole.

The ruling is that Player A and Player C are disqualified for the prior hole. Therefore, if Player B picked up before Player D, sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D won the hole and if Player D picked up before Player B, sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B won the hole. If it cannot be determined which player picked up first, the CommitteeCommittee: The person or group in charge of the competition or the course.(...Continued) should rule that the hole was tied.

23.2b/1 – Score for Hole Must Be Identified to the Correct Partner

In Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition.(...Continued), partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. are required to return a scorecardScorecard: The document where a player’s score for each hole is entered in stroke play.(...Continued) with correct hole scores that are identified to the correct partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play.. The following are examples of scoring in Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) based on how the scorecardScorecard: The document where a player’s score for each hole is entered in stroke play.(...Continued) is completed and returned by sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B:

23.2b/2 – Application of Exception to Rule 3.3b(3) for Returning Incorrect Scorecard

The following situations illustrate how Rule 3.3b(3) (Wrong Score for Hole) and Rule 23.2b are to be applied. In all cases, sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B returns a scorecardScorecard: The document where a player’s score for each hole is entered in stroke play.(...Continued) with an incorrect score on a hole and the mistake is discovered after the scorecardScorecard: The document where a player’s score for each hole is entered in stroke play.(...Continued) is returned but before the competition has closed.

23.4 One or Both Partners May Represent the Side

23.4/1 – Determining Handicap Allowance in Match Play If One Player Unable to Compete

If, in a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match played under handicap, the player with the lowest handicap is unable to play, the absent player is not disregarded given that he or she may start play for the sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) between the play of two holes, which in match playMatch Play: A form of play where a player or side plays directly against an opponent or opposing side in a head-to-head match of one or more rounds:(...Continued) means only before any player on either sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) has started play of a hole.

The handicap strokes are calculated as if all four players are present. If a wrong handicap is declared for the absent player, Rule 3.2c(1) (Declaring Handicaps) applies.

23.5 Player’s Actions Affecting Partner’s Play

23.5a/1 – Actions of Shared Caddie May Result in Penalty for Both Partners

When partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. in Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) share a caddieCaddie: Someone who helps a player during a round, including in these ways:(...Continued) and the caddie’sCaddie: Someone who helps a player during a round, including in these ways:(...Continued) breach of a Rule cannot be assigned to one particular partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play., both partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. are penalized.

For example, sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B is playing sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D in a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match. PartnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. A and B share a caddieCaddie: Someone who helps a player during a round, including in these ways:(...Continued) and that caddieCaddie: Someone who helps a player during a round, including in these ways:(...Continued) accidentally movesMoved: When a ball at rest has left its original spot and come to rest on any other spot, and this can be seen by the naked eye (whether or not anyone actually sees it do so).(...Continued) Player C’s or Player D’s ball other than during search without specific direction from either Player A or Player B. The caddieCaddie: Someone who helps a player during a round, including in these ways:(...Continued) has breached Rule 9.5b (Lifting or Deliberately Touching Ball or Causing It to Move), but there is no way to assign the penalty to one particular partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. of the sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued). Therefore, both Player A and Player B get one penalty stroke.

23.6 Side’s Order of Play

23.6/1 – Abandoning Right to Play in Any Order Side Determines Best

In a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match, if a sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) states or implies that the player on that sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) whose ball is farthest from the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued) will not complete the hole, that player has abandoned his or her right to complete the hole, and the side may not change that decision after an opponentOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. has played.

For example, sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B is playing sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D in a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match. All four balls are on the putting greenPutting Green: The area on the hole the player is playing that:(...Continued) with Player A, Player B and Player D lying two while Player C lies four. The balls of Player A and Player C are about 10 feet from the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued), Player B’s ball is two feet away and Player D’s ball is three feet away. Player C picks up. Player A suggests that Player B and Player D should play.

After Player D plays, Player A has abandoned the right to play and his or her score cannot count for the sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) (for example, if Player B missed his or her putt). The outcome would be different if Player B had been farther from the hole than Player D. If Player B putts first and misses, Player A would still have the right to complete the hole if he or she does so before Player D plays.

23.6/2 – Partners Must Not Unreasonably Delay Play When Playing in Advantageous Order

Examples of situations where the partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. of sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B play in an order they determine is best but may get a penalty under Rule 5.6a for unreasonably delaying play include when:

23.6/3 – When Side in Match Play May Have Stroke Cancelled by Opponent

When both players of a sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) play from outside the teeing areaTeeing Area: The area the player must play from in starting the hole he or she is playing.(...Continued) in a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match, only the last strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) played may be cancelled under Rule 6.1b.

For example, in a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match with sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B playing sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D, if Player A and Player B both play from outside the teeing areaTeeing Area: The area the player must play from in starting the hole he or she is playing.(...Continued) with Player A playing first followed by Player B, sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D may cancel the strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) of Player B, but not Player A.

Rule 6.1b requires that cancelling the strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) must be done promptly. This also applies if Player A and Player B both played when it was either Player C’s turn or Player D’s turn to play during play of the hole.

23.7 Partners May Share Clubs

23.7/1 – Partners May Continue to Give Advice and Share Clubs After Concurrent Match Ends

When concurrent Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) and single matches are being played, the two players of a sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) are no longer partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. after the Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match ends. However, the two players that were partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. are still allowed to give each other adviceAdvice: Any verbal comment or action (such as showing what club was just used to make a stroke) that is intended to influence a player in:(...Continued) and share clubs for the remainder of both single matches.

For example, sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B is playing sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D in a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match with concurrent single matches of Player A playing Player C and Player B playing Player D, both matches of 18 holes. Player A and Player B are sharing clubs, all 14 of which Player A brought. If the Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match ends on the 16th hole, but both single matches are tied, Player A and Player B may continue to use the clubs they selected for play (the shared clubs) and give adviceAdvice: Any verbal comment or action (such as showing what club was just used to make a stroke) that is intended to influence a player in:(...Continued) to each other, despite Player A and Player B no longer being partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play..

23.8 When Penalty Applies to One Partner Only or Applies to Both Partners

23.8a(2)/1 – Examples of When Player’s Breach Helps Partner’s Play

In both Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match playMatch Play: A form of play where a player or side plays directly against an opponent or opposing side in a head-to-head match of one or more rounds:(...Continued) and stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition.(...Continued), when a player’s breach of a Rule helps his or her partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play., the partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. gets the same penalty.

Examples of when both partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. of sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B get the same penalty include:

23.8a(2)/2 – Example of When Player’s Breach Hurts Opponent’s Play

In Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match playMatch Play: A form of play where a player or side plays directly against an opponent or opposing side in a head-to-head match of one or more rounds:(...Continued), if a player’s breach of a Rule hurts an opponent’sOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. play, the player’s partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. also gets the same penalty.

For example, sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B are playing sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D in a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match. Player A provides the wrong number of strokesStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) he or she has taken to either Player C or Player D while all four players are in contention during a hole. SideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D bases its strategy on this information and one of them makes a strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued).

Player A gets the general penaltyGeneral Penalty: Loss of hole in match play or two penalty strokes in stroke play. under Rule 3.2d(1) (Telling Opponent about Number of Strokes Taken) for not giving the right number of strokes taken. Player B gets the same penalty because the breach hurt an opponent’sOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. play. SideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B therefore loses the hole.

23.8a(2)/3 – Giving Wrong Number of Strokes Taken or Failing to Tell Opponent about Penalty Is Never Considered to Hurt Opponent When Player Is Out of Contention

When a player in a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match is out of contention on a hole and he or she either gives the wrong number of strokes taken or fails to notify an opponentOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. about a penalty, it is never considered to hurt the opponent’sOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. play since the player’s score on the hole will not be relevant in the match.

For example, sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) A-B is playing sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D in a Four-BallFour-Ball: A form of play where sides of two partners compete, with each player playing his or her own ball. A side’s score for a hole is the lower score of the two partners on that hole.(...Continued) match. Player A has taken 3 strokesStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued), Player B 5 strokesStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued), Player C 4 strokesStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued), and Player D has already picked up. Player B causes his or her ball to moveMoved: When a ball at rest has left its original spot and come to rest on any other spot, and this can be seen by the naked eye (whether or not anyone actually sees it do so).(...Continued) and gets one penalty stroke under Rule 9.4. Player B does not tell anyone that he or she got a penalty, replacesReplace: To place a ball by setting it down and letting it go, with the intent for it to be in play.(...Continued) the ball and makes the strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued). Player A and Player C then both hole outHoled: When a ball is at rest in the hole after a stroke and the entire ball is below the surface of the putting green.(...Continued) for scores of 5. Since B failed to tell sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.(...Continued) C-D about the penalty, he or she is disqualified from the hole under Rule 3.2d. But, since Player B’s score had no relevance in the outcome of that hole (on the basis that B scored more than 5, C holed his or her next stroke for a 5 and D had picked up), the breach did not hurt Player C or Player D. Therefore, Player A gets no penalty.