Rule 18 - Stroke-and-Distance Relief; Ball Lost or Out of Bounds; Provisional Ball

18.1 Relief Under Penalty of Stroke and Distance Allowed at Any Time

18.1/1 – Teed Ball May Be Lifted When Original Ball Is Found Within Three-Minute Search Time

When playing again from the teeing areaTeeing Area: The area the player must play from in starting the hole he or she is playing.(...Continued), a ball that is placed, droppedDrop: To hold the ball and let go of it so that it falls through the air, with the intent for the ball to be in play.(...Continued) or teed in the teeing areaTeeing Area: The area the player must play from in starting the hole he or she is playing.(...Continued) is not in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued) until the player makes a strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) at it (definition of “in play” and Rule 6.2).

For example, a player plays from the teeing areaTeeing Area: The area the player must play from in starting the hole he or she is playing.(...Continued), searches briefly for his or her ball and then goes back and tees another ball. Before the player plays the teed ball, and within the three-minute search time, the original ball is found. The player may abandon the teed ball and continue with the original ball without penalty, but is also allowed to proceed under stroke and distanceStroke and Distance: The procedure and penalty when a player takes relief under Rules 17, 18 or 19 by playing a ball from where the previous stroke was made (see Rule 14.6).(...Continued) by playing from the teeing areaTeeing Area: The area the player must play from in starting the hole he or she is playing.(...Continued).

However, if the player had played from the general areaGeneral Area: The area of the course that covers all of the courseexcept for the other four defined areas: (1) the teeing area the player must play from in starting the hole he or she is playing, (2) all penalty areas, (3) all bunkers, and (4) the putting green of the hole the player is playing.(...Continued) and then droppedDrop: To hold the ball and let go of it so that it falls through the air, with the intent for the ball to be in play.(...Continued) another ball to take stroke-and-distanceStroke and Distance: The procedure and penalty when a player takes relief under Rules 17, 18 or 19 by playing a ball from where the previous stroke was made (see Rule 14.6).(...Continued) relief, the outcome would be different in that the player must continue with the droppedDrop: To hold the ball and let go of it so that it falls through the air, with the intent for the ball to be in play.(...Continued) ball under penalty of stroke and distanceStroke and Distance: The procedure and penalty when a player takes relief under Rules 17, 18 or 19 by playing a ball from where the previous stroke was made (see Rule 14.6).(...Continued). If the player continued with the original ball in this case, he or she would be playing a wrong ballWrong Ball: Any ball other than the player’s:(...Continued).

18.1/2 – Penalty Cannot Be Avoided by Playing Under Stroke and Distance

If a player lifts his or her ball when not allowed to do so, the player cannot avoid the one-stroke penalty under Rule 9.4b by then deciding to play under stroke and distanceStroke and Distance: The procedure and penalty when a player takes relief under Rules 17, 18 or 19 by playing a ball from where the previous stroke was made (see Rule 14.6).(...Continued).

For example, a player’s tee shot comes to rest in a wooded area. The player picks up a ball, believing it is a stray ball, but discovers the ball was the ball in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued). The player then decides to play under stroke and distanceStroke and Distance: The procedure and penalty when a player takes relief under Rules 17, 18 or 19 by playing a ball from where the previous stroke was made (see Rule 14.6).(...Continued).

The player gets one penalty stroke under Rule 9.4b in addition to the stroke and distanceStroke and Distance: The procedure and penalty when a player takes relief under Rules 17, 18 or 19 by playing a ball from where the previous stroke was made (see Rule 14.6).(...Continued) penalty under Rule 18.1, since at the time the ball was lifted the player was not allowed to lift the ball and had no intention to play under stroke and distance. The player’s next stroke will be his or her fourth.

18.2 Ball Lost or Out of Bounds: Stroke-and-Distance Relief Must Be Taken

18.2a(1)/1 – Time Permitted for Search When Search Temporarily Interrupted

A player is allowed three minutes to search for his or her ball before it becomes lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued). However, there are situations when the “clock stops” and such time does not count towards the player’s three minutes.

The following examples illustrate how to account for the time when a search is temporarily interrupted:

18.2a(1)/2 – Caddie Is Not Required to Start Searching for Player’s Ball Before Player

A player may instruct his or her caddieCaddie: Someone who helps a player during a round, including in these ways:(...Continued) not to begin searching for his or her ball.

For example, a player hits a long drive into heavy rough and another player hits a short drive into heavy rough. The player’s caddieCaddie: Someone who helps a player during a round, including in these ways:(...Continued) starts walking ahead to the location where the player’s ball might be to start searching. Everyone else, including the player, walks towards the location where the other player’s ball might be to look for that player’s ball.

The player may direct his or her caddieCaddie: Someone who helps a player during a round, including in these ways:(...Continued) to look for the other player’s ball and delay search for his or her ball until everyone else can assist.

18.2a(1)/3 – Ball May Become Lost if It is Not Promptly Identified

When a player has the opportunity to identify a ball as his or hers within the three-minute search time but fails to do so, the ball is lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued) when the search time expires.

For example, a player begins to search for his or her ball and after two minutes finds a ball that the player believes to be another player’s ball and resumes search for his or her ball.

The three-minute search time elapses and it is then discovered that the ball the player found and believed to be another player’s ball was in fact the player’s ball. In this case, the player’s ball is lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued) because he or she continued the search, failing to identify the found ball promptly.

18.2a(2)/1 – Ball Moved Out of Bounds by Flow of Water

If a flow of water (either temporary waterTemporary Water: Any temporary accumulation of water on the surface of the ground (such as puddles from rain or irrigation or an overflow from a body of water) that:(...Continued) or water in a penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued)) carries a ball out of boundsOut of Bounds: All areas outside the boundary edge of the course as defined by the Committee. All areas inside that edge are in bounds.(...Continued), the player must take stroke-and-distanceStroke and Distance: The procedure and penalty when a player takes relief under Rules 17, 18 or 19 by playing a ball from where the previous stroke was made (see Rule 14.6).(...Continued) relief (Rule 18.2b). Water is a natural forceNatural Forces: The effects of nature such as wind, water or when something happens for no apparent reason because of the effects of gravity., not an outside influenceOutside Influence: Any of these people or things that can affect what happens to a player’s ball or equipment or to the course:, therefore Rule 9.6 does not apply.

18.3 Provisional Ball

18.3a/1 – When Player May Play Provisional Ball

When a player is deciding whether he or she is allowed to play a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued), only the information that is known by the player at that time is considered.

Examples where a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) may be played include when:

18.3a/2 – Playing Provisional Ball After Search Has Started Is Allowed

A player may play a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) for a ball that might be lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued) when the original ball has not been found and identified even if the three-minute search time has not yet ended.

For example, if a player is able to return to the spot of his or her previous strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) and play a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) before the three-minute search time has ended, the player is allowed to do so.

If the player plays the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) and the original ball is then found within the three-minute search time, the player must continue play with the original ball.

18.3a/3 – Each Ball Relates Only to the Previous Ball When It Is Played from That Same Spot

When a player plays multiple balls from the same spot, each ball relates only to the previous ball played.

For example, a player plays a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) believing that his or her tee shot might be lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued) or out of boundsOut of Bounds: All areas outside the boundary edge of the course as defined by the Committee. All areas inside that edge are in bounds.(...Continued). The provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) is struck in the same direction as the original ball and, without any announcement, he or she plays another ball from the tee. This ball comes to rest in the fairway.

If the original ball is not lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued) or out of boundsOut of Bounds: All areas outside the boundary edge of the course as defined by the Committee. All areas inside that edge are in bounds.(...Continued), the player must continue play with the original ball without penalty.

However, if the original ball is lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued) or out of boundsOut of Bounds: All areas outside the boundary edge of the course as defined by the Committee. All areas inside that edge are in bounds.(...Continued), the player must continue play with the third ball played from the tee since it was played without any announcement. Therefore, the third ball was a ball substitutedSubstitute: To change the ball the player is using to play a hole by having another ball become the ball in play.(...Continued) for the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) under penalty of stroke and distanceStroke and Distance: The procedure and penalty when a player takes relief under Rules 17, 18 or 19 by playing a ball from where the previous stroke was made (see Rule 14.6).(...Continued) (Rule 18.1), regardless of the provisional ball’sProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) location. The player has now taken 5 strokes (including penalty strokes) with the third ball played from the tee.

18.3b/1 – What Is Considered Announcement of Provisional Ball

Although Rule 18.3b does not specify to whom the announcement of a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) must be made, an announcement must be made so that people in the vicinity of the player can hear it.

For example, with other people nearby, if a player states that he or she will be playing a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) but does so in a way that only he or she can hear it, this does not satisfy the requirement in Rule 18.3b that the player must “announce” that he or she is going to play a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued). Any ball played in these circumstances becomes the player’s ball in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued) under penalty of stroke and distanceStroke and Distance: The procedure and penalty when a player takes relief under Rules 17, 18 or 19 by playing a ball from where the previous stroke was made (see Rule 14.6).(...Continued).

If there are no other people nearby to hear the player’s announcement (such as when a player has returned to the teeing areaTeeing Area: The area the player must play from in starting the hole he or she is playing.(...Continued) after briefly searching for his or her ball), the player is considered to have correctly announced that he or she has the intent to play a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) provided that he or she informs someone of that when it becomes possible to do so.

18.3b/2 – Statements That “Clearly Indicate” That a Provisional Ball Is Being Played

When playing a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued), it is best if the player uses the word “provisional” in his or her announcement. However, other statements that make it clear that the player’s intent is to play a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) are acceptable.

Examples of announcements that clearly indicate the player is playing a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) include:

Examples of announcements that do not clearly indicate the player is playing a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) and mean that the player would be putting a ball into play under stroke and distanceStroke and Distance: The procedure and penalty when a player takes relief under Rules 17, 18 or 19 by playing a ball from where the previous stroke was made (see Rule 14.6).(...Continued) include:

18.3c(1)/1 – Actions Taken with Provisional Ball Are a Continuation of Provisional Ball

Taking actions other than a strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) with a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued), such as droppingDrop: To hold the ball and let go of it so that it falls through the air, with the intent for the ball to be in play.(...Continued), placing or substitutingSubstitute: To change the ball the player is using to play a hole by having another ball become the ball in play.(...Continued) another ball nearer to the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued) than where the original ball is estimated to be are not “playing” the provisional ball and do not cause that ball to lose its status as a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued).

For example, a player’s tee shot may be lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued) 175 yards from the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued), so he or she plays a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued). After briefly searching for the original ball, the player goes forward to play the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) that is in a bush 150 yards from the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued). He or she decides the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) is unplayable and dropsDrop: To hold the ball and let go of it so that it falls through the air, with the intent for the ball to be in play.(...Continued) it under Rule 19.2c. Before playing the droppedDrop: To hold the ball and let go of it so that it falls through the air, with the intent for the ball to be in play.(...Continued) ball, the player’s original ball is found by a spectator within three minutes of when the player started the search.

In this case, the original ball remained the ball in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued) because it was found within three minutes of beginning the search and the player had not made a strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) at the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) from a spot nearer the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued) than where the original ball was estimated to be.

18.3c(2)/1 – Estimated Spot of the Original Ball Is Used to Determine Which Ball Is in Play

Rule 18.3c(2) uses the spot where the player “estimates” his or her original ball to be when determining whether the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) has been played from nearer the hole than that spot, and whether the original or provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) is in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued). The estimated spot is not where the original ball ends up being found. Rather, it is the spot the player reasonably thinks or assumes that ball to be.

Examples of determining which ball is in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued) include:

18.3c(2)/2 – Player May Ask Others Not to Search for His or Her Original Ball

If a player does not plan to search for his or her original ball because he or she would prefer to continue play with a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued), the player may ask others not to search, but there is no obligation for them to comply.

If a ball is found, the player must make all reasonable efforts to identify the ball, provided he or she has not already played the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) from nearer the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued) than where the original ball was estimated to be, in which case it became the player’s ball in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued). If the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) has not yet become the ball in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued) when another ball is found, refusal to make a reasonable effort to identify the found ball may be considered serious misconduct contrary to the spirit of the game (Rule 1.2a).

After the other ball is found, if the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) is played from nearer the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued) than where the other ball was found, and it turns out that the other ball was the player’s original ball, the strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) at the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) was actually a strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) at a wrong ballWrong Ball: Any ball other than the player’s:(...Continued) (Rule 6.3c). The player will get the general penaltyGeneral Penalty: Loss of hole in match play or two penalty strokes in stroke play. and, in stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition.(...Continued), must correct the error by continuing play with the original ball.

18.3c(2)/3 – Opponent or Another Player May Search for Player’s Ball Despite the Player’s Request

Even if a player prefers to continue play of the hole with a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) without searching for the original ball, the opponentOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. or another player in stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition.(...Continued) may search for the player’s original ball so long as it does not unreasonably delay play. If the player’s original ball is found while it is still in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued), the player must abandon the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) (Rule 18.3c(3)).

For example, at a par-3 hole, a player’s tee shot goes into dense woods, and he or she plays a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) that comes to rest near the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued). Given this outcome, the player does not wish to find the original ball and walks directly towards the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) to continue play with it. The player’s opponentOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. or another player in stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition.(...Continued) believes it would be beneficial to him or her if the original ball was found, so he or she begins searching for it.

If he or she finds the original ball before the player makes another strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) with the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) the player must abandon the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) and continue with the original ball. However, if the player makes another strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) with the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) before the original ball is found, it becomes the ball in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued) because it was nearer the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued) than the estimated spot of the original ball (Rule 18.3c(2)).

In match playMatch Play: A form of play where a player or side plays directly against an opponent or opposing side in a head-to-head match of one or more rounds:(...Continued), if the player’s provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) is nearer the hole than the opponent’sOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. ball, the opponentOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. may cancel the strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) and have the player play in the proper order (Rule 6.4a). However, cancelling the strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) would not change the status of the original ball, which is no longer in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued).

18.3c(2)/4 – When Score with Holed Provisional Ball Becomes the Score for Hole

So long as the original ball has not already been found in bounds, the score with a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) that has been holedHoled: When a ball is at rest in the hole after a stroke and the entire ball is below the surface of the putting green.(...Continued) becomes the player’s score for the hole when the player lifts the ball from the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued) since, in this case, lifting the ball from the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued) is the same as making a strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued).

For example, at a short hole, Player A’s tee shot might be lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued), so he or she plays a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) that is holedHoled: When a ball is at rest in the hole after a stroke and the entire ball is below the surface of the putting green.(...Continued). Player A does not wish to look for the original ball, but Player B, Player A’s opponentOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. or another player in stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition.(...Continued), goes to look for the original ball.

If Player B finds Player A’s original ball before Player A lifts the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) from the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued), Player A must abandon the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) and continue with the original ball. If Player A lifts the ball from the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued) before Player B finds Player A’s original ball, Player A’s score for the hole is three.

18.3c(2)/5 – Provisional Ball Lifted by Player Subsequently Becomes the Ball in Play

If a player lifts his or her provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) when not allowed to do so under the Rules, and the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) subsequently becomes the ball in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued), the player must add one penalty stroke under Rule 9.4b (Penalty for Lifting or Moving Ball) and must replaceReplace: To place a ball by setting it down and letting it go, with the intent for it to be in play.(...Continued) the ball.

For example, in stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition.(...Continued), believing his or her tee shot might be lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued), the player plays a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued). The player finds a ball that he or she believes is the original ball, makes a strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) at it, picks up the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued), and then discovers that the ball he or she played was not the original ball, but a wrong ballWrong Ball: Any ball other than the player’s:(...Continued). The player resumes search for the original ball but cannot find it within the three-minute search time.

Since the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) became the ball in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued) under penalty of stroke and distance, the player is required to replaceReplace: To place a ball by setting it down and letting it go, with the intent for it to be in play.(...Continued) that ball and gets one penalty stroke under Rule 9.4b. The player also gets two penalty strokes for playing a wrong ballWrong Ball: Any ball other than the player’s:(...Continued) (Rule 6.3c). The player’s next strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) is his or her seventh.

18.3c(3)/1 – Provisional Ball Cannot Serve as Ball in Play if Original Ball Is Unplayable or in Penalty Area

A player is only allowed to play a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) if he or she believes the original ball might be lost outside a penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued) or might be out of boundsOut of Bounds: All areas outside the boundary edge of the course as defined by the Committee. All areas inside that edge are in bounds.(...Continued). The player may not decide that a second ball he or she is going to play is both a provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) in case the original ball is lostLost: The status of a ball that is not found in three minutes after the player or his or her caddie (or the player’s partner or partner’scaddie) begins to search for it.(...Continued) outside a penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued) or out of boundsOut of Bounds: All areas outside the boundary edge of the course as defined by the Committee. All areas inside that edge are in bounds.(...Continued) and the ball in playIn Play: The status of a player’s ball when it lies on the course and is being used in the play of a hole:(...Continued) in case the original ball is unplayable or in a penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued).

If the original ball is found in bounds or is known or virtually certainKnown or Virtually Certain: The standard for deciding what happened to a player’s ball – for example, whether the ball came to rest in a penalty area, whether it moved or what caused it to move.(...Continued) to be in a penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued), the provisional ballProvisional Ball: Another ball played in case the ball just played by the player may be:(...Continued) must be abandoned.