Rule 11 - Ball in Motion Accidentally Hits Person, Animal or Object; Deliberate Actions to Affect Ball in Motion

11.1 Ball in Motion Accidentally Hits Person or Outside Influence

11.1b/1 – Playing from Where Ball Came to Rest When Stroke Does Not Count Is Playing from Wrong Place

When a strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) is cancelled by an opponentOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. (such as under Rule 6.4a(2) – Playing Out of Turn) or does not count under a Rule (such as under Exception 2 to Rule 11.1b – When Ball Played from Putting Green Accidentally Hits Any Person, Animal or Movable Obstruction (Including Another Ball in Motion) on Putting Green), it is disregarded from the player’s score as if it never took place. If the player does not replaceReplace: To place a ball by setting it down and letting it go, with the intent for it to be in play.(...Continued) the ball, but instead plays from where the ball came to rest, he or she has played from a wrong placeWrong Place: Any place on the course other than where the player is required or allowed to play his or her ball under the Rules.(...Continued) and Rule 14.7 (Playing from Wrong Place) applies since the player was required to replay the strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued).

For example, a player makes a strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) from the putting greenPutting Green: The area on the hole the player is playing that:(...Continued) that accidentally hits a hole-liner that came out of the holeHole: The finishing point on the putting green for the hole being played:(...Continued) when the flagstickFlagstick: A movable pole provided by the Committee that is placed in the hole to show players where the hole is. The flagstick includes the flag and any other material or objects attached to the pole.(...Continued) was removed (Exception 2 to Rule 11.1b). Instead of replacingReplace: To place a ball by setting it down and letting it go, with the intent for it to be in play.(...Continued) a ball and replaying the strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued), the player plays the ball from where it came to rest. The strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) with the ball that accidentally hit the hole-liner does not count in the player’s score. However, by not replacingReplace: To place a ball by setting it down and letting it go, with the intent for it to be in play.(...Continued) a ball as required, the player has played from a wrong placeWrong Place: Any place on the course other than where the player is required or allowed to play his or her ball under the Rules.(...Continued) and Rule 14.7 applies.

This also applies if a player plays out of turn and the strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball.(...Continued) is cancelled by an opponentOpponent: The person a player competes against in a match. The term opponent applies only in match play. under Rule 6.4a(2).

11.1b/2 – What to Do When Ball Moves After Being Accidentally Deflected or Stopped

If a ball comes to rest against a person or an outside influenceOutside Influence: Any of these people or things that can affect what happens to a player’s ball or equipment or to the course: after being accidentally deflected or stopped and the person or outside influenceOutside Influence: Any of these people or things that can affect what happens to a player’s ball or equipment or to the course: moves or is moved, Rule 9 applies, and the player must follow the Rule appropriately. However, there is no penalty under Rule 9 if the ball movesMoved: When a ball at rest has left its original spot and come to rest on any other spot, and this can be seen by the naked eye (whether or not anyone actually sees it do so).(...Continued) after coming to rest against a person or equipmentEquipment: Anything used, worn, held or carried by the player or the player’s caddie.(...Continued).

Examples of where there is no penalty include when:

For other situations when a ball is accidentally deflected or stopped by an outside influenceOutside Influence: Any of these people or things that can affect what happens to a player’s ball or equipment or to the course: (such as an animalAnimal: Any living member of the animal kingdom (other than humans), including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates (such as worms, insects, spiders and crustaceans).), and that outside influenceOutside Influence: Any of these people or things that can affect what happens to a player’s ball or equipment or to the course: moves and causes the ball to moveMoved: When a ball at rest has left its original spot and come to rest on any other spot, and this can be seen by the naked eye (whether or not anyone actually sees it do so).(...Continued), see Rule 9.6 for what to do.

11.2 Ball in Motion Deliberately Deflected or Stopped by Person

11.2a/1 – Equipment Left in Position After Player Realizes It Could Be Helpful if the Ball Were to Hit It

Rule 11.2 applies to a situation where a player did not initially position the equipmentEquipment: Anything used, worn, held or carried by the player or the player’s caddie.(...Continued), other object or person for the purpose of deflecting the ball in motion, but once positioned by the player, he or she realizes it may deflect or stop the ball and deliberately leaves it there.

An example where the player gets a penalty is when:

An example where the player does not get a penalty is when:

11.2c(1)/1 – Options When Ball Would Have Come to Rest in Penalty Area

When a ball in motion is deliberately deflected or stopped and it is estimated that it would have come to rest in a penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued), the player has the choice to dropDrop: To hold the ball and let go of it so that it falls through the air, with the intent for the ball to be in play.(...Continued) a ball in the penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued) (Rule 11.2c(1)) or take relief from the penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued) (Rule 17.1d).

If the player decides to take relief from the penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued) because he or she does not wish to dropDrop: To hold the ball and let go of it so that it falls through the air, with the intent for the ball to be in play.(...Continued) a ball in the relief areaRelief Area: The area where a player must drop a ball when taking relief under a Rule. Each relief Rule requires the player to use a specific relief area whose size and location are based on these three factors:(...Continued) in the penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued), the player must estimate the point that the ball would have last crossed the edge of the penalty areaPenalty Area: An area from which relief with a one-stroke penalty is allowed if the player’s ball comes to rest there.(...Continued) when taking relief under Rule 17.1d.

11.3 Deliberately Moving Objects or Altering Conditions to Affect Ball in Motion

11.3/1 – Outcome of Deliberate Actions to Affect Ball inMotion Is Irrelevant

Rule 11.3 applies when a player or caddieCaddie: Someone who helps a player during a round, including in these ways:(...Continued) takes a deliberate action for the purpose of affecting a ball in motion, and the player is in breach of this Rule even if the deliberate action does not affect where the ball comes to rest.

Examples where the player gets the general penaltyGeneral Penalty: Loss of hole in match play or two penalty strokes in stroke play. under Rule 11.3, and in stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition.(...Continued) must play the ball where it comes to rest, include when:

Examples where there is no penalty, and in stroke play the ball must be played where it comes to rest, include when: