Physiology, Genetics And Breeding March 13, 2015

The Nobel Prize-winning chemist Robert F. Curl of Rice University spoke for many of his colleagues in science when he proclaimed that the 20th century was "the century of physics and chemistry. But it is clear that the next century will be the century of biology." Twenty-two projects are ushering biotechnology into turfgrass species, along with conventional plant breeding improvements bentgrass and bermudagrass. The goal is to reduce water and pesticide use in the long term. The USGA continues to collect and evaluate other promising grass species, such as seashore paspalum and inland saltgrass, which will allow poor quality water to be used in coastal and desert climates.


Project Title


1983-01-001 Breeding and evaluation of Kentucky bluegrasses, tall fescues, fine fescues, perennial ryegrasses, and bentgrasses for turf Rutgers University
2007-05-346 Collection, enhancement, and preservation of turfgrass germplasm National Turfgrass Federation
2016-25-575 Genetic engineering of turfgrass for enhanced multi-stress resistance Clemson University
2017-12-622 Pre-breeding for bentgrass germplasm improvement University of Nebraska; USDA-ARS
2018-11-661 Evaluation of activity of a fungal endophyte antifungal protein against dollar spot infected creeping bentgrass Rutgers University
2016-01-551 Development of seed and vegetatively propagated bermudagrass varieties improved in turf quality and stress tolerance Oklahoma State University 
2016-34-604  Identification of bermudagrass and zoysiagrass with green color rentention at low temperature USDA ARS Forage and Range Research
2017-07-617 Physiological mechanisms for developing improved drought tolerance in new bermudagrasses University of Georgia 
2017-14-624 Development of a shade-tolerant bermudagrass cultivar(s) suitable for fine turf use Oklahoma State University
 2016-38-608  Breeding for resistance to winter dormancy in bermudagrass and zoysiagrass University of Florida
2017-21-631 Improvement of bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, and kikuyugrass for winter color retention and drought tolerance University of California
2016-35-605 Developing phenotypic and genomic tools to study salt-tolerance in seashore paspalum Donald Danforth Plant Science Center 
2012-24-458 Development of large patch tolerant and cold hardy zoysiagrass cultivars for the transition zone Texas A&M University
2017-11-621 Development of seeded zoysiagrass cultivars with improved turf quality and high seed yields Texas A&M University
2018-01-651 Development of cold hardy zoysiagrass cultivars for golf courses in the transition zone Texas A&M University
2018-16-666 Exploring the use of coarse zoysiagrass phenotypes as a low-input turf for golf course roughs Purdue University
2003-36-278 Buffalograss breeding and genetics University of Nebraska-Lincoln
2016-09-559 Breaking seed dormancy in buffalograss University of Nebraska-Lincoln
2017-33-643 Optimizing seed production and stand establishment of two minimum-input turfgrass species University of Arizona
2007-16-357 Genetic improvement of prairie junegrass University of Minnesota
2016-04-554 Development and release of turf-type saltgrass variety Colorado State University
2016-05-555 Improved wheatgrass turf for limited irrigation golf course roughs USDA-ARS Forage and Range Research