A total of 43 states are represented at the U.S. Amateur: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
Also, 20 countries are represented this week: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Chinese Taipei, England, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Nepal, Portugal, South Africa, South Korea and the United States.
There are nine USGA champions in the field: Tim Hogarth, 46, of Northridge, Calif. (1996 U.S. Amateur Public Links); Jack Larkin, 50, Atlanta, Ga. (1979 U.S. Junior); Randal Lewis, 55, of Alma, Mich. (2011 U.S. Mid-Amateur); Jim Liu, 17, of Smithtown, N.Y. (2010 U.S. Junior Amateur); Andy Hyeon Bo Shim, 17, of Duluth, Ga. (2012 U.S. Junior Amateur); Nathan Smith, 34, of Pittsburgh, Pa. (2003, 2009, 2010 U.S. Mid-Amateur); Jordan Spieth, 20, of Dallas, Texas (2009, 2011 U.S. Junior Amateur); T.J. Vogel, 21, of Cooper City, Fla. (2012 U.S. Amateur Public Links); and Cory Whitsett, 20, of Houston, Texas (2007 U.S. Junior Amateur).
There are also 12 USGA runners-up in the field: Kevin Aylwin, 23, of New Smyrna Beach, Fla. (2012 U.S. Amateur Public Links); Chelso Barrett, 17, of Keene, N.H. (2011 U.S. Junior Amateur); Kenny Cook, 32, of Noblesville, Ind. (2011 U.S. Mid-Amateur); Derek Ernst, 22, of Clovis, Calif. (2011 U.S. Amateur Public Links); Tim Hogarth (2010 U.S. Mid-Amateur); Jay Hwang, 19, San Diego, Calif. (2009 U.S. Junior Amateur); Randal Lewis (1996 U.S. Mid-Amateur); Jim Liu (2012 U.S. Junior Amateur); Anthony Paolucci, 19, of Rancho Santa Fe, Calif. (2007 U.S. Junior Amateur); Philip Pleat, 56, of Nashua, N.H. (2011 USGA Senior Amateur); Rick Stimmel, 44, of Pittsburgh, Pa. (1997 U.S. Mid-Amateur); and Justin Thomas, 19, of Goshen, Ky. (2010 U.S. Junior Amateur).
Andy Zhang, 14, of Reunion, Fla., is the youngest player in the field this week, while PhilipPleat, 56, is the oldest player.
Of the 10 Walker Cup players from the 2011 USA Team, six have turned professional, but the other four are making the trip to Cherry Hills C.C. They are: Patrick Rodgers, of Avon, Ind., Smith, Spieth and Chris Williams, of Moscow, Idaho.
All six amateurs who went through sectional qualifying to get to the 2012 U.S. Open: Beau Hossler, 17, of Mission Viejo, Calif.; Alberto Sanchez, 18, of Nogales, Ariz.; JordanSpieth; Nick Sherwood, 21, of Albany, Ore.; Cameron Wilson, 19, of Rowayton, Conn.; and AndyZhang, will be competing in the U.S. Amateur. Brian Campbell, 19, of Irvine, Calif.; Kristian Capparros, 16, of Miami Lakes, Fla.; DerekErnst; Jim Liu; Thomas Pieters, 20, of Nijlen, Belgium; Patrick Rodgers and Cory Whitsett all advanced through local qualifying for the 2012 U.S. Open. All are expect from qualifying for the U.S. Amateur.
For at least the third time in U.S. Amateur history, a father-son duo will be competing. Philip and James Pleat, 21, are in the field at Cherry Hills Country Club for the oldest golf championship in this country. The first time was in 1958 when the father-son team of Dick Chapman, the 1940 U.S. Amateur Champion, and Dixie Chapman, 16, competed in the championship when it was strictly match play (no on-site qualifying). In 2001, Michael Derminio and his father, David, were the first father-son combination in the starting field at the Amateur in 43 years.
Randal Lewis, Philip Pleat, Bowen Sargent and Todd White are the only four competitors this week who played in the 1990 U.S. Amateur at Cherry Hills. Gary Nicklaus, the son of 18-time major champion Jack Nicklaus, qualified for the 1990 Amateur, but was forced to withdraw due to a medical condition.
Jack Adkins, 20, of Martinsville, Va., survived a 4-for-3 playoff in U.S. Amateur sectional qualifying in Williamsburg, Va., with rounds of 62 and 75. His 62 was one stroke off the course record and included eight birdies and one eagle. Adkins is a rising junior at Elon University in North Carolina.
Brian Anania, 20, of Hurricane, W.Va., qualified for the U.S. Amateur through an 11-hole playoff against David Brown of Pittsburgh, Pa., at Williams Country Club. Each player made pars on the first 10 playoff holes before Anania made a birdie putt.
Chelso Barretthasqualified for three USGA championships this summer. He advanced to match play at the U.S. Amateur Public Links and played in the U.S. Junior Amateur. (See General Notes)
Daniel Berger, 19, of Jupiter, Fla., earned medalist honors in Weston, Fla., to qualify for the U.S. Amateur. His father, Jay, is the director of men’s tennis for the United States Tennis Association (USTA). Jay has served as the assistant coach for the United States Davis Cup and the Olympic tennis teams.
Andrej Bevins, 17, of Elk Grove, Calif., shot rounds of 69-68 in U.S. Amateur qualifying in Ripon, Calif. Bevins, who just finished his senior year at Christian Brothers High School, defeated two-time U.S. Open qualifier Beau Hossler, 4 and 2, in the round of 32 at the 2012 Junior Amateur. Bevins also competed in the 2011 Junior Amateur.
Blake Biddle, 20, of St. Charles, Ill., made it to the round of 16 at the 2011 U.S. Amateur at Erin Hills. The rising UNLV junior survived a 4-for-1 playoff at the Bull Valley Golf Club sectional qualifier.
Grady Brame, Jr., 19, of Hammond, La., captured medalist honors to qualify for the U.S. Amateur at Money Hill Golf & Country Club. He will be competing in his first U.S. Amateur, just as his father did in 1990 at Cherry Hills.
Julien Brun, 20, of Antibes, France, is playing in his first USGA event. He played for Team Europe in the 2012 Palmer Cup, where his record was 2-1-1. The team came back from a four-point deficit to take the title back from Team USA.
Jeff Chapman, 36, of Denver, birdied the first playoff hole at U.S. Amateur sectional qualifying in Englewood, Colo. Chapman will play in his second USGA championship after reaching the round of 32 at the 1999 Amateur Public Links.
Eli Cole, 22, of Beverly Hills, Calif., sat out the 2011-2012 season at TCU because of a leg injury. One A friend rented out the Rose Bowl for a soccer game, and while Cole was playing in net, he broke his leg attempting to make a save. He now has a titanium rod in his leg.
Kenny Cook qualified for the 2011 U.S. Mid-Amateur, where he was the runner-up to Randal Lewis, by shooting 67. His wife, Lisa, qualified for the 2011 U.S. Women’s Mid-Amateur by shooting a 78 at the same sectional qualifying site, the Heritage Club in Mason, Ohio. (See General Notes)
Charlie Danielson, 18, of Osceola, Wis., comes from a golf family. He has won a pair of Division 2 WIAA state titles (2010, 2012) as a member of the Osceola High School team. His sister, Lindsay, is a member of the University of Wisconsin squad and a four-time state champion. His sister, Casey, made the round of 16 at the 2012 Girls’ Junior and was a 2011 Women’s Amateur quarterfinalist.
Bryson Dechambeau, 18, of Clovis, Calif., qualified for his second consecutive U.S. Amateur. He reached the round of 32 last year. Dechambeau, who recently completed his senior season at Clovis East High School, was named the Bee’s Boys’ Golfer of the Year. Dechambeau, who has committed to SMU, advanced to the 2012 Amateur Public Links’ round of 32.
Derek Ernst has limited vision in his right eye due to a childhood accident when a piece of PVC pipe broke off a toy while he was making a Valentine’s Day gift for his mom. He needed 10 stitches and the injury left permanent scarring. He was named to the All-Mountain West Team all four years as a Rebel. (See General Notes)
Jorge Fernandez Valdes, 19, of Buenos Aires, Argentina, is the current South American and Argentina amateur champion. His 64 in U.S. Amateur sectional qualifying at Trump National G.C. – Hudson Valley is a course record. He was the medalist at the 2008 U.S. Junior Amateur at Shoal Creek in Alabama, and reached the round of 16 in 2008 and 2010.
Nicolo Galletti, 17, of Clayton Calif., qualified for this year’s U.S. Amateur through sectional play in Pleasant Hill, Calif. He was a 2012 Junior Amateur quarterfinalist and competed in the 2010 Amateur. Galletti, a left-hander who began playing golf at age 4, attends Foothill H.S. and plans to enroll at Arizona State University in the fall of 2013.
Nick Gilliam, 33, of Gainesville, Fla., was a U.S. Amateur sectional medalist in Gainesville. He won the 2001 NCAA Division I individual championship. Gilliam qualified for the 2005 U.S. Open and was a quarterfinalist in the 1996 U.S. Junior Amateur.
Talor Gooch, 20, of Midwest City, Okla., qualified for the U.S. Amateur at the Broken Arrow, Okla., sectional. Gooch was voted to the 2012 All-Big 12 Conference team as a sophomore at Oklahoma State. He reached match play at this year’s U.S. Amateur Public Links. Gooch won the 2001 U.S. Kids World Championship at age 9.
Gavin Green, 19, of Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia, shot rounds of 68 and 62 to earn medalist honors at the Kansas City sectional. A rising sophomore at the University of New Mexico, Green’s 62 included seven birdies and two eagles. Green was the youngest participant in an Asian Tour event at age 13.
Danny Guise, 17, of Greenwich, Conn., is playing in his first USGA event. He has verbally committed to Wake Forest, but he is a huge Syracuse University basketball fan. He has part of the net from a basket at Madison Square Garden which he received from Most Valuable Player Gerry McNamara after Syracuse won the Big East title in 2006.
Brandon Hagy, 21, of Westlake Village, Calif., and his University of California teammate, Michael Kim, 19, of Del Mar, Calif., were the top two finishers in sectional qualifying in Llano, Calif. Both players earned second-team All-Pac-12 Conference and Division I PING All-West Region honors.
Shun Yat Hak, 18, of Lake Mary, Fla., is the Golfweek’s top-ranked junior coming out of the 2012 class. He will be attending Georgia Tech University in the fall. At age 14, he became the youngest player to make the cut on the PGA European Tour.
Douglas Hanzel, 55, of Savannah, Ga., got into the field by earning low-amateur honors at the 2012 U.S. Senior Open at Indianwood Golf and Country Club.
Matt Hansen, 20, of Los Osos, Calif., a rising junior at UC Davis, is the only player in program history to have qualified for four consecutive U.S. Amateurs. He was named the Big West Freshman of the Year in 2011 after medaling at the NCAA Southwest Regional. He became the first Aggie to represent the school at the NCAA Championships.
Eric Hallberg, 18, of Castle Rock, Colo., is the son of 1977 USA Walker Cup Team member and Champions Tour player Gary Hallberg. He has caddied for his father, a three-time winner on the PGA Tour, in multiple USGA championships.
Craig Hinton, 23, of Thame, England, who qualified for the U.S. Amateur in Hopewell Junction, N.Y., is the 2012 Welsh Amateur Stroke Play champion. Hinton, who played in the 2011 British Open, has overcome temporary blindness and myopericarditis (hear inflammation) during his career.
Sam Horsfield, 15, of Davenport, Fla., was the medalist at the sectional qualifier in Orlando, Fla. He moved from Manchester, England, eight years ago and now attends Ridge Community High School. He reached the round of 32 at the 2012 U.S. Junior Amateur and is currently the Florida State Junior Boys champion (age 13-15). Last year, he defeated Ian Poulter in a 9-hole match, 1-up.
Beau Hossler is the youngest player to make the cut at a U.S. Open since World War II. At 17 years old and 3 months, he finished in a tie for 29th at The Olympic Club’s Lake Course in San Francisco. Hossler has verbally committed to play at Texas in 2013. (See General Notes)
Jeffrey Kang, 21, of Fullerton, Calif., first picked up a golf club at age 5, but played baseball and soccer and was a competitive swimmer growing up. When he and his family moved back to Korea, he began playing golf again.
Justin Keiley, 19, of Haiku, Hawaii, and college teammate Devon Purser, 19, of Clearfield, Utah, are the second duo to qualify for the 2012 U.S. Amateur at the same qualifying site. They are a rising junior and sophomore, respectively, at BYU.
Aleksei Koika, 36, of Burlingame, Calif., is believed to be the first player born in Moldova to play in a USGA championship. Moldova, formerly part of the Soviet Union, became an independent state in 1991. It is located east of Romania and south of Ukraine. He was on Moldova’s national swimming team and nearly qualified for the 1996 Atlanta Olympics before moving to the U.S. in 1997.
Stewart Jolly, 19, of Birmingham, Ala., joins Louisiana State University teammates Andrew Presley and Zachary Wright in the U.S. Amateur field. He shot a pair of 70s at the West Point, Miss., qualifier to advance to his first Amateur. A rising sophomore, Jolly was a 2011 Junior Amateur participant.
Storm Lee, 15, of Murrieta, Calif., recently completed his freshman year at Calvary Murrieta High School. He was born in Seoul, and came to the United States three years ago. His mother picked his American first name; his given name is Jeen Kyo.
Robert ‘Bobby’ Leopold, 27, of Cranston, R.I., reached the round of 16 at last year’s U.S. Amateur with a pair of wins. Leopold, who works in the insurance industry, was the medalist in Amateur sectional play at Rehoboth, Mass.
Jim Liu became the youngest male champion in USGA history when he won the 2010 U.S. Junior Amateur at age 14. He has verbally committed to Stanford University. (See General Notes)
Cody Martin, 21, of Union, Ky., will be a redshirt sophomore at the University of Kentucky. Martin’s father is Doug Martin, who played 10 years on the PGA Tour before a back injury forced him to retire. During his amateur career, Doug Martin played on the 1989 USA Walker Cup Team and was the 1984 U.S. Junior Amateur champion.
Hideki Matsuyama, 20, of Tokyo, won the 2010 and 2011 Asian Amateur championships.
Denny McCarthy, 19, of Rockville, Md., will participate in his fourth consecutive U.S. Amateur after qualifying in Pikesville, Md. He advanced to match play the last two years. McCarthy, a rising sophomore at the University of Virginia, was the runner-up at this year’s Porter Cup.
Paul McConnell, 21, of Garland, Texas, won medalist honors at the Keller, Texas, sectional with rounds of 65 and 63. The rising senior at the University of Texas-Arlington combined for 12 birdies, two eagles and no bogeys in sectional play. He was a 2012 Amateur Public Links quarterfinalist.
Michael McGowan, 21, of Southern Pines, N.C., a rising senior on the University of North Carolina golf team, played in the 2006 U.S. Amateur as a 15-year-old. He is the grandson of World Golf Teachers Hall of Famer Peggy Kirk Bell. She received the USGA’s Bob Jones Award in 1990. His father, Pat, played on the PGA Tour and his mother, Bonnie, was a member of the UNC women’s golf team from 1977-79.
Robert Mize, 19, of Columbus, Ga., is the son of 1987 Masters champion Larry Mize. He qualified at The Brickyard At Riverside in Macon, Ga., with a two-round total of 141.
Clay Myers, 21, of Memphis, Tenn., won the 2012 Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC) individual title as a member of the Jackson State University team. Myers, a four-time All-SWAC selection, qualified for the U.S. Amateur in Knoxville, Tenn. He is a First Tee of Memphis graduate and played in the 2005 First Tee at Pebble Beach Golf Links with Loren Roberts. Myers’ college coach is Eddie Payton, a former NFL player with Cleveland, Detroit, Kansas City and Minnesota, and the older brother of Pro Football Hall of Famer Walter Payton.
Gordon Neale, 15, of Rancho Santa Margarita, Calif., qualified for the U.S. Amateur at the Mission Viejo, Calif., sectional. He was the 2011 FCG World Champion (boys 15-18) and the 2010 FCG World Champion (boys 13-14). He attends Tesoro High School.
Gary Nicklaus, 43, of Jupiter, Fla., is the son of four-time U.S. Open and two-time U.S. Amateur champion Jack Nicklaus. Nicklaus qualified for this year’s U.S. Amateur at the Wellington, Fla., sectional. He played in the 1997 and 2001 U.S. Opens and several U.S. Amateurs. In 2007, he was reinstated as an amateur.
Daniel Nisbet, 21, of Caboolture, Australia, won the 2012 Players Amateur making him the first Australian to win the event since 2004.
Carlos Ortiz, 21, of Zapopan Jalisco, Mexico, earned the only spot in sectional qualifying in Odessa, Texas. He participated in the 2010 World Amateur Team and 2010 U.S. Amateur Public Links. He is a three-time All-Sun Belt Conference performer at the University of North Texas.
Nicholas Reach, 20, of Moscow, Pa., is a rising sophomore at the University of Georgia. He missed last year’s U.S. Amateur when he and his mother were involved in an auto accident the night before the qualifier. Reach was a 2009 Junior Amateur semifinalist.
Brett Patterson, 20, of McMinnville, Tenn., qualified for the 2011 U.S. Open Championship at Congressional Country Club. Patterson is the first player from Middle Tennessee State to qualify to play in the U.S. Open Championship. He is entering his junior year.
Thomas Pieters won the 2012 NCAA Division I individual championship as a sophomore for the University of Illinois at Riviera Country Club, which will host the 2017 U.S. Amateur. (See General Notes)
Patrick Rodgers played on Team USA at the 2011 Walker Cup and made it to the quarterfinals of the 2011 U.S. Amateur. He won the 2011 Porter Cup on the first playoff hole after being down seven strokes with eight holes to play. He just finished his first year at Stanford University where he was named the Pac-12 Freshman of the Year. (See General Notes)
Jordan Russell, 23, of College Station, Texas, was a semifinalist at the 2011 U.S. Amateur in Erin Hills, Wis.
Juan Salcedo, 23, of The Woodlands, Texas, won back-to-back NJCAA national championships for McLennan Junior College in 2009 and 2010. In 2010, he was named to the All-Nicklaus Team.
Bowen Sargent, 42, of Charlottesville, Va., is the head men’s golf coach at the University of Virginia. Two of his players, McCarthy and Nick McLaughlin, also qualified.
Xander Schauffele, 18, of San Diego, Calif., made it to the round of 16 at the 2010 U.S. Junior Amateur at Egypt Valley Country Club.
Brad Schneider, 23, of Orlando, Fla., the medalist at the Tarpon Springs, Fla., sectional, broke his right femur and developed compartment syndrome in his left leg five years ago after an accident during a pre-Thanksgiving football game. Schneider, who took his first steps seven months later and took 18 months to fully recover, went on to become a first-team all-conference golfer at the University of Central Florida. As a senior, he advanced to this year’s NCAA Championship at Riviera Country Club in Los Angeles.Marcel Schneider, 22, of Pleidelsheim, Germany, won the 2012 Sir Michael Bonallack Trophy and the Australian Amateur, and placed second at the Spanish, Portuguese and Turkish Amateur championship.
Michael Schoolcraft, 20, of Denver, Colo., is a member at Cherry Hills Country Club. The rising junior at the University of Oklahoma qualified for the U.S. Amateur at the Sioux Falls, S.D., qualifier.
Jade Scott, 21, of Daingerfield, Texas, is participating in his second consecutive U.S. Amateur. Scott, a sophomore at Texas A&M University, reached the first round of match play last year. Scott was a 2008 U.S. Junior Amateur participant.
Andy Hyeon Bo Shim won the 2012 U.S. Junior Amateur rallying from 5 down heading into the final 18 holes to win, 4 and 3. (See General Notes)
Matthew Schovee, 22, of Cherry Hills Village, Colo., is a recent Southern Methodist University graduate and a member at Cherry Hills Country Club.
Jordan Spieth was the low amateur at the 2012 U.S. Open, tying for 21st place. He turned in the third-lowest 36-hole score on the weekend (139). Spieth won the 2009 and 2011 U.S. Junior Amateurs, the lone golfer besides Tiger Woods to have won the championship multiple times. A rising sophomore at the University of Texas, he was a quarterfinalist at last year’s U.S. Amateur and played on the 2011 USA Walker Cup Team. (See General Notes)
Sepp Straka, 19, of Valdosta, Ga., playing in the 2012 U.S. Amateur Public Links after finishing freshman season at the University of Georgia. His fraternal twin brother, Sam, is also a member of the Bulldog squad. The family moved from Vienna, Austria, just three years ago.
Justin Thomas won the 2012 Haskins Award, and the 2012 Jack Nicklaus Award as the nation’s top collegiate golfer, as well as the 2012 Phil Mickelson Award, for most outstanding freshman in Division I men’s golf. He was also named the SEC Player of the Year and Freshman of the Year. (See General Notes)
Curtis Thompson, 19, of Coral Springs, Fla., comes from a very accomplished golf family. His brother, Nicholas, was a four-time All-American at Georgia Tech, and now plays on the PGA and Web.com Tours. His sister, Lexi, the 2008 U.S. Girls’ Junior champion, is a rising star on the LPGA Tour. Curtis, a rising sophomore at LSU was medalist at the 2010 U.S. Junior Amateur and won the 2011 Dixie Amateur.
Austen Truslow, 16, of New Smyrna Beach, Fla., will play in his first USGA championship after winning medalist honors by three strokes at the Sanford, Maine, sectional. Truslow, who attends Lake Mary Prep in Florida, was named 2011 Orlando Sentinel All-Area Boys’ Golfer of the Year.
Sebastian Vazquez, 22, of Mexico City, Mexico, is the 2011 and 2012 Mexican Amateur National champion.
T.J. Vogel won the 2012 U.S. Amateur Public Links Championship defeating Kevin Aylwin, 12 and 10, the second-largest victory in APL championship-match history. (See General Notes)
John Varol, 20, of Weddington, N.C., a rising junior at Wake Forest, was a two-time All-American soccer player at Covenant Day School. He is the all-time goal scoring leader with 132 in a five-year career.
Richy Werenski, 20, of South Hadley, Mass., is coming off an impressive victory at the 2012 Porter Cup. All of his rounds were in the 60s, which included an eagle, 16 birdies and one bogey, which came on his 68th hole of the tournament. A rising junior at Georgia Tech University, his winning total, 17-under-par, is the second-best in Porter Cup history.
Chris Williamsis the No.-1 ranked amateur in the latest World Amateur Golf Ranking. He qualified for the 2011 U.S. Open. A member of the 2011 and 2012 USA Palmer Cup Teams, Williams won the 2012 Western Amateur championship after earning medalist honors during stroke play with a tournament-record 17-under-par. He broke his own record from 2011. (See General Notes)
Peter Williamson, 22, of Hanover, N.H., a three-time Ivy League Player of the Year at Dartmouth College, was the medalist at the Hudson, Mass., sectional qualifier. Williamson, the 2012 New England Golfer of the Year by the New England Division 1 Coaches, won the North & South Amateur and Southern Amateur this summer. He is playing in his third consecutive U.S. Amateur and advanced to round of 32 last year.
John Wright, 48, of Gulf Shores, Ala., plays speed golf once a week. He carries four clubs and plays nine holes in an average of 28 minutes, with an average score of 38. He takes an average of 65 minutes to play 18 holes with an average score of 76.
Andy Yang, 19, of Aurora, Colo., won medalist honors at the Englewood, Colo., sectional. His sister, Jennifer, was his caddie during sectional play. Jennifer has qualified for four USGA championships, including this year’s U.S. Women’s Amateur. He walked on to the University of Denver men’s golf team.
Andy Zhang is the youngest competitor in U.S. Open history, having playing in the 2012 championship at The Olympic Club in June. The 14-year-old (born on Dec. 14, 1997) is originally from the People’s Republic of China and now attends the IMG Leadbetter Golf Academy. He advanced to match play at the 2012 U.S. Junior Amateur Championship. (See General Notes)
Storylines compiled by communications intern Cassie Stein, Director of Championship Communications Pete Kowalski and Manager of Championship Communications Brian DePasquale. Email them at email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.