2. Shaft

a. Straightness

Interpretation of Rule 2.a

This provision is interpreted to mean that the shaft must extend to the end of the grip, or at least that the grip should not extend beyond the top end of the shaft more than is necessary to accommodate the butt cap (see Figure 15).

The “5-inch” measurement should be made using a pair of callipers (to measure the depth of the head at the point where the shaft is attached) and a flexible measuring tape, or a piece of string (to measure the length of any bend or bends in the shaft from the point where the shaft ceases to be straight) (see Figure 16).

The point where the shaft ceases to be straight can be determined by placing a rigid steel ruler along the straight part of the shaft and marking the point where the shaft and the ruler are no longer in contact. This provision is particularly relevant to putters where the shaft is inserted directly into the head. (For putter heads that have a “neck” – see Section 2c).

b. Bending and Twisting Properties

Interpretation of Rule 2.b

This provision effectively restricts shafts from being designed to have asymmetric properties, so that irrespective of how the club is assembled, or whichever way the shaft is orientated, it will make no difference to the performance of the club. Clause (i) is interpreted to mean that the way in which the shaft deflects must be the same regardless of its orientation. It is not simply a measure of the magnitude of deflection.

It is challenging to assess the conformance of a shaft in the field. However, a standard shaft with a circular cross-section would most likely conform unless there is specific evidence to the contrary (e.g. claims by the manufacturer which indicate non-conformance, including advertising claims). A shaft which is not symmetrical in all axes (e.g. a shaft with an oval or rectangular cross-section) would not normally be expected to conform to the Equipment Rules. Manufacturers of shafts with unusual cross-sections or other unique features should submit them to The R&A or USGA for a ruling prior to marketing and/or manufacturing. Whether such a ruling exists can be confirmed by contacting The R&A or USGA.

Many graphite shafts have a small “spine” or “spines” running along the length of the shaft which may make them bend a little differently depending on how they are oriented during installation. The existence of a small spine is generally regarded as being the result of normal manufacturing processes and therefore not a breach of Section 2b. As previously noted, The R&A and USGA recognizes that it is difficult to produce a perfectly symmetrical shaft. Therefore, provided that the shaft is manufactured with the intention of meeting the above requirement, a reasonable tolerance is applied when evaluating shafts for conformance.

Manufacturers of clubs may orientate or align shafts which have spines for uniformity in assembling sets or in an effort to make the shafts perform as if they were perfectly symmetrical. However, a shaft which has been orientated for the purpose of influencing the performance of a club, e.g. to correct wayward shots, would be contrary to the intent of this provision.

c. Attachment to Clubhead

Interpretation of Rule 2.c

The most important points to remember here are that a club must only have one neck, that it must be “plain” and, in order to restrict elaborate shapes and curves, the length of the neck is limited to 5 inches (127 mm).

The interpretation of a “plain” neck is clarified as follows:

2.c(1) - All clubs

The neck must not be shaped for any purpose, other than connecting the shaft to the head in a traditional manner. While a neck may contain features such as an adjustability mechanism, a method for damping vibration or an alignment line, it must not be unusually shaped in order to house or accommodate such a feature. For example, in most cases, lines which have been painted or lightly engraved onto an otherwise plain neck are permitted. However, a neck designed specifically to accommodate such lines or marks would be considered non-conforming. Small scale features, on an otherwise plain neck, which are purely for decorative purposes, and could not effectively perform, or be used for, another purpose, may also be permitted.

2.c(2) - Woods

The above requirements also apply to woods, however there is some accommodation for the transition area between the head of a wood and its neck. This transition area must fit within a cylinder of a diameter and height of 1 inch (25.4 mm) measured from the base of the transition and parallel to the axis of the shaft. Any transition which satisfies this restriction should be permitted provided it does not contain any other non-plain feature (for example, holes or alignment bars).

NOTE: Some exceptions may be made for clubheads made of wood. Ferrules shaped to circumvent this interpretation are not permitted.

2.c(3) - Neck Length Measurement

The measurement of the length of a neck should be made in the same way as a bend in the bottom of a shaft (see Section 2a and Figure 16).

The majority of necks are designed to have the shaft inserted into them, and this normally avoids any confusion as to where the neck begins. However, if the neck is inserted into the shaft, the measurement should be taken from the end of the shaft.

Figure 18 contains diagrams of various neck features which would not be permitted.