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125 Years of Golf in America: Vermont November 6, 2019

The USGA was founded on Dec. 22, 1894. With the 125th anniversary coming at the end of 2019, every week throughout the year we're highlighting how all 50 states, plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, make the game we all love a great one in the United States. 

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Ouimet Earned His Most Cherished Victory in Vermont

By Ron Driscoll, USGA

Francis Ouimet cherished his 1914 U.S. Amateur victory at Ekwanok C.C. more than his stunning U.S. Open win a year earlier. (USGA Archives)

This story was originally published in 2014, on the 100th anniversary of the only USGA championship to be contested in the state of Vermont. Francis Ouimet won the 1914 U.S. Amateur at Ekwanok Country Club in Manchester, Vt.

Twenty years after Francis Ouimet’s stunning playoff victory over Harry Vardon and Ted Ray in the 1913 U.S. Open, venerable golf writer Bernard Darwin, who witnessed the incongruous upset, said, “There was never a wetter day and never in all of golf a more historic one.”

Surprisingly, the man who provided the game with its seminal moment in America did not consider it his crowning achievement. Ouimet was proudest of the first of his two victories in the U.S. Amateur Championship, which came one year later, on Sept. 5, 1914, at Ekwanok Country Club in Manchester, Vt. He once described it as his “greatest thrill.”

“Winning the Open was one thing – the winning of the Amateur was the fulfillment of an ambition,” Ouimet told Joe Looney of the Boston Herald in 1963. “The Open was a windfall. The Amateur was within reach, or so I thought.”

In other words, Ouimet simply couldn’t fathom beating Vardon and Ray. As he put it in his 1932 book, “A Game of Golf,” “I honestly think I never got the ‘kick’ out of winning the Open title that I might have if I had thought I could win it.”

The following year at age 21, he tied for fifth in the defense of his U.S. Open title, eight strokes behind Walter Hagen at Midlothian Country Club in Blue Island, Ill. Three weeks later, in the mountains of Vermont, he pulled off a victory in the 20th U.S. Amateur that surely cemented his stature in the game.

Ekwanok Country Club was founded in 1899, and its course in the shadow of Mount Equinox opened for play in 1900. The layout was designed by John Duncan Dunn and Walter Travis, himself a three-time U.S. Amateur champion (1900, 1901 and 1903). The Ekwanok golf professional at the time was none other than Horace Rawlins, who captured the inaugural U.S. Open in 1895 at Newport (R.I.) Golf Club and had a seven-year tenure at Ekwanok.

In the only USGA championship contested in the tiny New England state, Ouimet qualified one stroke behind co-medalists William C. Fownes Jr. and R.R. Gorton among a field of 104 players with a 36-hole score of 145.

Ouimet proceeded to reel off five match-play victories, capping his triumph on Sept. 5 with a 6-and-5 win over Jerome D. “Jerry” Travers, the four-time and two-time-defending Amateur champion. Along the way, Ouimet defeated three other players who had either already captured or would go on to win the U.S. Amateur – in order, Max Marston (1923), Robert A. Gardner (1909, 1915) and Fownes (1910). Ouimet had prevailed against staunch opposition in the U.S. Amateur, which was then and would long be considered the most important golf championship in the country.

Ouimet’s victory in that final match came over a foe in Travers who was universally acknowledged as the game’s premier match-play competitor. Ouimet continued to be a perennial U.S. Amateur contender, but he would not prevail again until 1931, a 17-year gap that remains the record for years between U.S. Amateur titles.

Spectators watch Francis Ouimet putt on Ekwanok's 18th hole en route to the 1914 U.S. Amateur title. (USGA Archives)

When asked once about his long hiatus between titles, Ouimet replied, “Did you ever hear of a fellow named Jones?” Indeed, Ouimet reached the Amateur semifinals on five occasions between 1923 and 1929, and three times, Bob Jones eliminated him (1924, 1926 and 1927). Jones captured a record five U.S. Amateurs, the last one in 1930 to complete his unparalleled Grand Slam.

Ouimet described a typical match against Jones thusly, “He coasts along serenely waiting for you to miss a shot, and the moment you do, he has you on the hook and you never get off.”

They were always amiable competitors, and they became lifelong friends who went on to play together on several Walker Cup Teams. In 1955, Jones himself presented Ouimet with the first Bob Jones Award, the USGA’s highest honor.

In 1931, Ouimet arrived at Beverly Country Club in Chicago to find a U.S. Amateur field without Jones, who had retired from competition after winning the previous year at Merion Golf Club. The average age of his first four match-play opponents was 21, leading the 38-year-old Ouimet to jokingly refer to the event as a “father-and-son tournament.”

He completed his championship run with a 2-and-1 semifinal win over Billy Howell and a 6-and-5 win over local favorite Jack Westland, deflating many of the 5,000 fans in attendance.

Later, golf writer Herbert Warren Wind would say of Ouimet, “He was the great boy who became the great man,” though it wasn’t solely Ouimet’s continued success in the game that elicited such praise. Ouimet’s good nature and sportsmanship led The R&A to name him its first American captain, and his name is attached to the Francis Ouimet Scholarship Fund, which was founded in 1949 and which he considered the greatest honor of his life.

Ron Driscoll is the USGA’s senior manager of editorial services. Email him at