2013 U.S. Open Fact Sheet
PAR AND YARDAGE: Merion Golf Club will be set up at 6,996 yards and will play to a par of 34-36-70. Merion G.C. is the first U.S. Open course under 7,000 yards since 2004. For the 1981 U.S. Open Championship, Merion’s East Course was a par 70 and played at 6,544 yards. For the 2005 U.S. Amateur Championship, Merion was 6,846 yards and was a par 70.
MERION GOLF CLUB HOLE BY HOLE
ARCHITECT: Hugh Wilson designed Merion Golf Club, which opened in 1912. A lifelong amateur golfer who played at Princeton as a collegian, Wilson was assigned his task by the Merion Cricket Club Golf Committee. He also planned the Merion’s West Course (1914) and Cobb’s Creek Golf Club (1916).
U.S. OPEN PHILOSOPHY: The USGA strives to make the U.S. Open the most rigorous, yet fair and complete, examination of golf skills, testing all forms of shotmaking. The USGA prepares the course after careful consideration of 14 factors. The complete philosophy statement can be found at www.USOPEN.com. The course can truly be called “the toughest test in golf.”
WHO CAN ENTER: The championship is open to any professional and any amateur golfer with a USGA Handicap Index® not exceeding 1.4. The deadline for entries is April 24.
ENTRIES: In 2012, the USGA accepted 9,006 entries, the fourth-highest total in U.S. Open history. A record 9,086 golfers entered the 2009 U.S. Open. In 2010, 9,052 entries were accepted, while 9,048 entered in 2005.
LOCAL QUALIFYING: Local qualifying, played over 18 holes, will be conducted between May 6-16. The number of qualifying sites has yet to be determined.
SECTIONAL QUALIFYING: Sectional qualifying, played over 36 holes, will be conducted at two international sites on May 27 (England, Japan) as well as 11 sites in the U.S. on June 3.
CHAMPIONSHIP FIELD: The starting field of 156 golfers will be cut after 36 holes to the low 60 scorers (and ties).
SCHEDULE OF PLAY: Eighteen holes of stroke play are scheduled each day from June 13 (Thursday) through June 16 (Sunday). In the event of a tie after 72 holes, an 18-hole playoff will be held on June 17 (Monday), beginning at 9 a.m. (EST).
2012 CHAMPION: Webb Simpson, playing in his just second U.S. Open, emerged as the 2012 champion at The Olympic Club (Lake Course) by moving past seven players in front of him in the last round, shooting a 2-under 68 and claiming a one-stroke victory. Simpson, a 26-year-old from Charlotte, N.C., edged Graeme McDowell and Michael Thompson with a closing round that featured a stretch of four birdies in five holes and not a single bogey in his final 13 holes. Simpson, who was tied for 29th after 36 holes, carded a pair of 68s over the final two rounds for a 1-over par total of 281. He became the first American to win the U.S. Open since 2009.
PLAYERS IN FIELD WITH MOST OPEN APPEARANCES (2013 included): Phil Mickelson (23), Ernie Els (21), Jim Furyk (19), Stewart Cink (18), Steve Stricker (18), Tiger Woods (18), David Toms (17), Retief Goosen (16) and Padraig Harrington (16).
ACTIVE CONSECUTIVE U.S. OPEN APPEARANCES (2013 included): Ernie Els (21), Phil Mickelson (20), Stewart Cink (18) and Jim Furyk (18).
TITLE DEFENSE: Since 1991, Tiger Woods, Retief Goosen and Graeme McDowell have finished better than 40th in trying to defend their U.S. Open crown. McDowell tied for 14th at the U.S. Open at Congressional Country Club after winning the 2010 title. Goosen tied for 11th in 2005 after holding a three-stroke lead after 54 holes. Woods tied for 12th in 2001 following his win in 2000 at Pebble Beach and tied for 20th in 2003 after winning the previous year. In 2009, he tied for sixth in defending his 2008 title. Seven champions have missed the cut during this period, most recently Rory McIlroy in 2012. Curtis Strange remains the last golfer to successfully defend the U.S. Open title (1988-89).
WHAT THE WINNER RECEIVES: Among the benefits enjoyed by the U.S. Open winner are:
A U.S. Open exemption for the next 10 years
An invitation to the next five Masters Tournaments
An invitation to the next five British Open Championships
An invitation to the next five PGA Championships
An invitation to the next five Players Championships
Exempt status on the PGA Tour for five years
QUALIFYING FOR THE OTHER MAJORS: The top 10 finishers (and ties) are exempt for next year’s (2014) U.S. Open. The top eight finishers (and ties) are invited to next year’s (2014) Masters Tournament.
HISTORY: This is the 113th U.S. Open Championship. The U.S. Open, which was first played in 1895, was not contested for two years (1917-18) during World War I and for four years (1942-45) during World War II. The youngest winner of the U.S. Open was 19-year-old John McDermott, who won in 1911; he is among eight players age 21 or younger who have won the U.S. Open. The oldest winner is Hale Irwin, who was 45 and playing on a special exemption when he won his third U.S. Open title in 1990. Irwin earlier won in 1974 and 1979.
There are four four-time U.S. Open winners: Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905); amateur Robert T. Jones Jr. (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930); Ben Hogan (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953); and Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980).
Only five players have won the Masters and U.S. Open titles in the same year: Craig Wood (1941), Hogan (1951, 1953), Arnold Palmer (1960), Nicklaus (1972) and Tiger Woods (2002).
U.S. OPENS AT MERION GOLF CLUB: This is the fifth U.S. Open Championship and the 16h USGA championship to be conducted at Merion Golf Club.
In 1934, Olin Dutra won by one stroke over Gene Sarazen after carding rounds of 71 and 72 on the last day. Dutra, the first native Californian to win the Open, trailed by eight shots after the first 36 holes. His comeback was the largest of any player until Arnold Palmer matched that mark in 1960. Dutra climbed past 17 players despite battling a stomach ailment.
In 1950, Ben Hogan won his second of four U.S. Opens in a playoff with Lloyd Mangrum and George Fazio. Hogan, who was involved in a near-fatal automobile accident only 16 months earlier, parred the 72nd hole to join the playoff by hitting a 1-iron approach to within 40 feet. Hogan shot 69 in the playoff, including a birdie on the 17th, to defeat Mangrum by four strokes.
Lee Trevino won a playoff with Jack Nicklaus in 1971 to capture his second U.S. Open title. Trevino took the lead in the playoff when Nicklaus left shots in bunkers on the second and third holes. Trevino made birdies and Nos. 12 and 15 en route to a 3-under 68 and a three-stroke victory. Nicklaus and Trevino each had an opportunity to win the championship outright but missed putts on the 72nd hole. Jim Simons, a 21-year-old amateur who led after 54 holes, needed a birdie on the 18th to join the playoff, but drove into the rough.
In 1981, David Graham played one of the most precise rounds in U.S. Open history in shooting 67 to win the title by three strokes. Graham made four birdies, including two on each nine, with one bogey. He officially hit 15 greens and missed just one fairway. Graham, the first Australian to win the Open championship, trailed 54-hole leader George Burns by three heading to the final round.
USGA CHAMPIONSHIPS AT MERION GOLF CLUB
Championship Years and Winners
1904 U.S. Women’s Amateur – Georgianna Bishop def. E.F. Sanford, 5 and 3
1909 U.S. Women’s Amateur – Dorothy Campbell def. Nonna Barlow, 3 and 2
1916 U.S. Amateur – Charles Evans Jr. def. Robert Gardner, 4 and 3
1924 U.S. Amateur – Robert T. Jones Jr. def. George Von Elm, 9 and 8
1926 U.S. Women’s Amateur – Helen Stetson def. Elizabeth Goss, 3 and 1
1930 U.S. Amateur – Robert T. Jones Jr. def. Eugene Homans, 8 and 7
1934 U.S. Open – Olin Dutra by one stroke over Gene Sarazen, 293-294
1949 U.S. Women’s Amateur – Dorothy Porter def. Dorothy Kielty, 3 and 2
1950 U.S. Open – Ben Hogan def. Lloyd Mangrum & George Fazio, 287 (69) - 287 (73) - 287 (75)
1966 U.S. Amateur – Gary Cowan def. Deane Beman, 285 (75) - 285 (76)
1971 U.S. Open – Lee Trevino def. Jack Nicklaus, 280 (68) - 280 (71)
1981 U.S. Open – David Graham won by three strokes over Bill Rogers & George Burns, 273-276
1989 U.S. Amateur – Chris Patton def. Danny Green, 3 and 1
1998 U.S. Girls’ Junior – Leigh Anne Hardin def. Brittany Straza, 2 up
2005 U.S. Amateur – Edoardo Molinari def. Dillon Dougherty, 4 and 3
INTERNATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS AT MERION GOLF CLUB
Competition Years and Winners
1954 Curtis Cup – USA def. Great Britain & Ireland, 6-3
1960 World Amateur Team – USA won by 42 strokes over Australia, 834-876
2009 Walker Cup – USA def. Great Britain & Ireland, 16.5-9.5
USGA CHAMPIONSHIPS IN PENNSYLVANIA: The 2013 U.S Open will be the 82nd USGA championship and 16th Open to be conducted in Pennsylvania. The state has hosted 12 of 13 USGA national championships. Some of the game’s greatest players have won U.S. Opens in Pennsylvania, including Byron Nelson (1939), Ben Hogan (1950, 1953), Jack Nicklaus (1962), Lee Trevino (1971), Johnny Miller (1973) and Ernie Els (1994).
U.S. OPENS IN PENNSYLVANIA
Years, Courses and Winners
1907 U.S. Open – Philadelphia Cricket Club, Philadelphia (Alex Ross)
1910 U.S. Open – Philadelphia Cricket Club, Philadelphia (Alex Smith)
1927 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Tommy Armour)
1934 U.S. Open – Merion Golf Club, Ardmore (Olin Dutra)
1935 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Sam Parks Jr.)
1939 U.S. Open – Philadelphia Country Club, Gladwyne (Byron Nelson)
1950 U.S. Open – Merion Golf Club, Ardmore (Ben Hogan)
1953 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Ben Hogan)
1962 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Jack Nicklaus)
1971 U.S. Open – Merion Golf Club, Ardmore (Lee Trevino)
1973 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Johnny Miller)
1981 U.S. Open – Merion Golf Club, Ardmore (David Graham)
1983 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Larry Nelson)
1994 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Ernie Els)
2007 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Angel Cabrera)
FUTURE U.S. OPENS
June 12-15, 2014 – Pinehurst (No. 2) Resort & Country Club, Village of Pinehurst, N.C.
June 18-21, 2015 – Chambers Bay, University Place, Wash
June 16-19, 2016 – Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club
June 15-18, 2017 – Erin Hills, Erin, Wis.
June 14-17, 2018 – Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, Southampton, N.Y.
June 13-16, 2019 – Pebble Beach (Calif.) Golf Links
LONGEST PAR 3s in U.S. OPEN HISTORY
288 yards – 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 2007
253 yards – 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962
249 yards – 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 1994
247 yards – 17th at Olympia Fields (Ill.) Country Club (North Course), 2003
246 yards – 17th at Merion Golf Club (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 2013
244 yards – 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 1973
LONGEST PAR 4s in U.S. OPEN HISTORY
525 yards – 7th at Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
523 yards – 18th at Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
521 yards – 18th at Merion Golf Club (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 2013
520 yards – 1st at The Olympic Club (Lake Course), San Francisco, Calif., 2012
515 yards – 6th at Torrey Pines (South Course), San Diego, Calif., 2008
514 yards – 9th at Winged Foot Golf Club (West Course), Mamaroneck, N.Y., 2006
LONGEST PAR 5s in U.S. OPEN HISTORY
670 yards – 16th at The Olympic Club (Lake Course), San Francisco, Calif., 2012
667 yards – 12th at Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont, Pa., 2007
642 yards – 5th at Southern Hills Country Club, Tulsa, Okla., 2001
640 yards – 12th at Winged Foot Golf Club (West Course), Mamaroneck, N.Y., 2006
636 yards – 9th at Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
THE LAST TIME IT HAPPENED AT THE U.S. OPEN
Rory McIlroy – the last foreign winner (2011)
Curtis Strange – the last to defend title successfully (1989)
Francis Ouimet – the last winner who won the Open on his first attempt (1913)
Webb Simpson – the last winner to win the Open on his second attempt (2012)
Rory McIlroy – the last start-to-finish winner with no ties (2011)
a-Robert T. Jones Jr. – the last winner to birdie the 72nd hole and win by one stroke (1926)
Tiger Woods – the last winner to birdie the 72nd hole (2008)
Tiger Woods – the last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to force a playoff (2008)
Geoff Ogilvy – the last winner without a round in the 60s (2006)
Rory McIlroy – the last winner with all rounds in the 60s (2011)
Webb Simpson – the last winner between ages 20-29 (was 26 in 2012)
Graeme McDowell – the last winner between ages 30-39 (was 30 in 2010)
Payne Stewart – the last winner over age 40 (was 42 in 1999)
Rory McIlroy – the last defending champion to miss the cut (2012)
Hale Irwin – the last winner who received a special exemption (1990)
Lucas Glover – the last winner to come through sectional qualifying (2009)
Orville Moody – the last winner to come through local and sectional qualifying (1969)
John Goodman – the last amateur to win the Open (1933)
PHOTO MEDIA SERVICE: The USGA will offer daily complimentary high-resolution photographs during the U.S. Open (Monday-Sunday) for news use only. For more information and to register, contact John Mummert of the USGA at firstname.lastname@example.org. His office phone number is (908) 234-2300, ext. 1983.
MEDIA OPERATIONS/SERVICE: Please contact Pete Kowalski, Brian DePasquale or Suzanne Colson for more information regarding your U.S. Open coverage. Their contact information is:
Media Center (starting June 10) – TBD
Pete Kowalski, O - 908-234-2300 x1322; M - 908-216-8435 (email@example.com)
Brian DePasquale, O – 908-234-2300 x1292; M - 908-655-8395 (firstname.lastname@example.org)
For more information on the USGA, please visit www.usga.org.
Media-specific information can be found at http://www.usga.org/press_room/Press-Room/
EXEMPTION LIST (as of Jan. 1, 2013): A list of the 52 golfers who are currently fully exempt from qualifying for the 2013 U.S. Open. (a-amateur):
||Bo Van Pelt
Bold: Past U.S. Open Champion
Key to Player Exemptions:
1.) Winners of the U.S. Open Championship the last 10 years (2003-12)
2.) Winner and runner-up of the 2012 U.S. Amateur Championship (must be an amateur)
3.) Winner of the 2012 British Amateur Championship (must be an amateur)
4.) Winner of the 2012 Mark H. McCormack Medal (top-ranked in WAGR and must be an amateur)
5.) Winners of the Masters Tournament the last five years (2009-13)
6.) Winners of the British Open Championship the last five years (2008-12)
7.) Winners of the PGA of America Championship the last five years (2008-12)
8.) Winner of the Players Championship the last three years (2011-13)
9.) Winner of the 2013 European Tour BMW PGA Championship
10.) Winner of the 2012 U.S. Senior Open Championship
11.) From the 2012 U.S. Open Championship, the 10 lowest scores and anyone tying for 10th place
12.) Those players who qualified for the season-ending 2011 Tour Championship
13.) Top 60 point leaders and ties from the current World Rankings as of May 27, 2013*
14.) Top 60 point leaders and ties from the current World Rankings as of June 10, 2013
15.) Special exemptions as selected by the USGA
*-Those currently listed in the No. 13 category are based on Official World Golf Rankings as of April 22, 2013.
Visit https://champs.usga.org/EntryForms/usopen_2013.pdf for a full list of exemptions.