Rule 22 - Foursomes (Also Known as Alternate Shot)

Purpose of Rule: Rule 22 covers Foursomes (played either in match play or stroke play), where two partners compete together as a side by alternating in making strokes at a single ball. The Rules for this form of play are essentially the same as for individual play, except for requiring the partners to alternate in teeing off to start a hole and to play out each hole with alternate shots.

22.1  Overview of Foursomes

FoursomesFoursomes (also known as “Alternate Shot”): A form of play where two partners compete as a side by playing one ball in alternating order on each hole. (also known as Alternate Shot) is a form of play involving partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. (in either match playMatch Play: A form of play where a player or side plays directly against an opponent or opposing side in a head-to-head match of one or more rounds: or stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition.) where two partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. compete as a sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. by playing one ball in alternating order on each hole.

Rules 1-20 apply to this form of play (with the sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. playing one ball being treated in the same way as the individual player is treated), as modified by these specific Rules.

A variation of this is a form of match playMatch Play: A form of play where a player or side plays directly against an opponent or opposing side in a head-to-head match of one or more rounds: known as Threesomes, where an individual player competes against a sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. of two partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. who play alternating shots under these specific Rules.

22.2  Either Partner May Act for Side

As both partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. compete as one sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. playing only one ball:

In stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition., only one of the partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. needs to certify the side’sSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. hole scores on the scorecardScorecard: The document where a player’s score for each hole is entered in stroke play. (see Rule 3.3b).

22.3  Side Must Alternate in Making Strokes

On each hole, the partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. must make each strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball. for the sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. in alternating order:

Any penalty strokes for the sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. do not affect the partners’Partner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. alternating order of play.

Penalty for Making a StrokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball. in the Wrong Order in Breach of Rule 22.3: General PenaltyGeneral Penalty: Loss of hole in match play or two penalty strokes in stroke play..

In stroke playStroke Play: A form of play where a player or side competes against all other players or sides in the competition., the sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. must correct the mistake:

22.4  Starting the Round

a. Partner to Play First

The sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. may choose which partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. will play from the first teeing areaTeeing Area: The area the player must play from in starting the hole he or she is playing. in starting the roundRound: 18 or fewer holes played in the order set by the Committee., unless the Terms of the Competition say which partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. must play first.

The side’sSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. roundRound: 18 or fewer holes played in the order set by the Committee. starts when that partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. makes a strokeStroke: The forward movement of the club made to strike the ball. to start the side’sSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. first hole.

b. Starting Time and Starting Point

Rule 5.3a applies differently to each partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. based on who will play first for the sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play.:

If either partnerPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. is not present in this way, the sideSide: Two or more partners competing as a single unit in a round in match play or stroke play. is in breach of Rule 5.3a.

22.5  Partners May Share Clubs

Rule 4.1b(2) is modified to allow partnersPartner: A player who competes together with another player as a side, in either match play or stroke play. to share clubs, so long as the total number of clubs they have together is not more than 14.