Rule 12 - Bunkers

Purpose of Rule: Rule 12 is a specific Rule for bunkers, which are specially prepared areas intended to test your ability to play a ball from the sand. To make sure you confront this challenge, there are some restrictions on touching the sand before your stroke is made and on where relief may be taken for your ball in a bunker.

12.1  When Your Ball Is in Bunker

Your ball is in a bunkerBunker: A specially prepared area of sand, which is often a hollow from which turf or soil has been removed. These are not part of a bunker: when any part of it touches sand on the ground inside the edge of the bunkerBunker: A specially prepared area of sand, which is often a hollow from which turf or soil has been removed. These are not part of a bunker:.

Your ball is also in a bunkerBunker: A specially prepared area of sand, which is often a hollow from which turf or soil has been removed. These are not part of a bunker: if it is inside the edge of the bunkerBunker: A specially prepared area of sand, which is often a hollow from which turf or soil has been removed. These are not part of a bunker: and rests:

If your ball lies on soil or grass or other growing or attached natural objects inside the edge of the bunkerBunker: A specially prepared area of sand, which is often a hollow from which turf or soil has been removed. These are not part of a bunker: without touching sand, your ball is not in the bunkerBunker: A specially prepared area of sand, which is often a hollow from which turf or soil has been removed. These are not part of a bunker:.

12.2  Playing Your Ball in Bunker

a. Removing Loose Impediments and Movable Obstructions

Before playing your ball in a bunkerBunker: A specially prepared area of sand, which is often a hollow from which turf or soil has been removed. These are not part of a bunker:, you may remove loose impedimentsLoose Impediment: Any unattached natural object such as: and movable obstructionsMovable Obstruction: An obstruction that can be moved with reasonable effort and without damaging the obstruction or the course..

b. Restrictions on Touching Sand in Bunker

Before making a strokeStroke: The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball. at your ball in a bunkerBunker: A specially prepared area of sand, which is often a hollow from which turf or soil has been removed. These are not part of a bunker:, you must not:

Except as covered in the two bullets above, the following actions are allowed:

But you get the general penaltyGeneral Penalty: Loss of hole in match play or two penalty strokes in stroke play. if your actions in touching the sand improveImprove: To alter one or more of the conditions affecting your stroke or other physical conditions affecting your play so that you gain a potential advantage for your stroke. the conditions affecting your strokeConditions Affecting the Stroke: The lie of your ball at rest, the area of your intended stance, the area of your intended swing, your line of play and the relief area where you will drop or place a ball..

Penalty for Breach of Rule 12.2: General PenaltyGeneral Penalty: Loss of hole in match play or two penalty strokes in stroke play..

12.3  Specific Rules for Relief for Ball in Bunker

When your ball is in a bunkerBunker: A specially prepared area of sand, which is often a hollow from which turf or soil has been removed. These are not part of a bunker:, specific relief Rules may apply when you have interference by an abnormal course conditionAbnormal Course Condition: An animal hole, ground under repair, an immovable obstruction, or temporary water. (Rule 16.1c) or a dangerous animalAnimal: Any living member of the animal kingdom (other than humans). condition (Rule 16.2), or when your ball is unplayable (Rule 19.3).