COURSE CARE
White-Out Weedy Bents February 27, 2015

White-Out Weedy Bents

By Ty McClellan, Agronomist
February 20, 2008

Controlling creeping bentgrass contamination in cool-season roughs, and occasionally fairways, has long been a source of frustration for superintendents and golfers alike. Whereas advances in creeping bentgrass breeding have provided some of the finest playing surfaces in the world on greens, tees and fairways, creeping bentgrass does not perform well at mowing heights above 5 / 8 of an inch, because it is very difficult to manage and becomes extremely puffy resulting in an uneven turfgrass canopy that ultimately offers poor playability.

 

 
Mesotrione's bleach-like effect on invasive creeping bentgrass in a cool-season fairway (top) and rough (bottom). Photos courtesy of Matt Giese, Syngenta.
As of February 6, 2008, the new herbicide mesotrione (trade name: Tenacity) has received EPA approval/registration for all five states (IA, IL, KS, MO and NE) in the upper Mid-Continent Region. Known for its whitening or bleaching effect on targeted weedy foliage (see photos), mesotrione has shown great promise for postemergence control of bentgrass in fairways and rough areas comprised of Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, perennial ryegrass, or any combination thereof. For areas with heavy bentgrass infestations, the reestablishment of desirable turfgrasses through sodding or reseeding continues to be the best course of action. Treating these areas with mesotrione would only result in significant turf loss that would likely be unacceptable to golfers, as the large voids resulting from treatment would take too long to fill in. However, if sodding is not economical and for those with patience and/or timelines tolerant of approximately three weeks of turf discoloration and gaps in the turf canopy, a less intrusive method is to seed desirable varieties just prior to or at the time of mesotrione application. For best results in a bentgrass removal program, seeding is recommended at the second application of mesotrione.

Through conversations with university and industry representatives, it has been learned that applications of mesotrione are best scheduled during late summer and early fall. In so doing, the surrounding grasses or seedlings can fill in the open voids during optimum growing conditions. Looking forward, developing a management strategy using mesotrione could prove valuable in controlling bentgrass invasion of fairways and roughs, and significantly reduce the need to frequently resod cool-season green, tee and bunker surrounds.

For more information on bleaching out any weedy bentgrasses, visit www.tenacityherbicide.com or contact your regional Syngenta representative.

We urge you to visit our Web site at www.usga.org/turf to learn more about Green Section programs and to stay up-to-date on activities in the Mid-Continent area. The ur Mid-continent Regional Web site updates will be posted every two weeks. Thank you for your support of the Turfgrass Advisory Service. Please do not hesitate to contact either of the Mid-Continent regional offices: Ty McClellan/Julie Vermeulen at tmcclellan@usga.org or (630) 340-5853 or Bud & Karen White at budwhite@usga.org or (972) 662-1138 should you have any questions or if we can help you in any other way.