Physiology, Genetics And Breeding March 13, 2015

The Nobel Prize-winning chemist Robert F. Curl of Rice University spoke for many of his colleagues in science when he proclaimed that the 20th century was "the century of physics and chemistry. But it is clear that the next century will be the century of biology." Twenty-four projects are ushering biotechnology into turfgrass species, along with conventional plant breeding improvements bentgrass and bermudagrass. The goal is to reduce water and pesticide use in the long term. The USGA continues to collect and evaluate other promising grass species, such as seashore paspalum and inland saltgrass, which will allow poor quality water to be used in coastal and desert climates.


Project Title


1983-01-001 Breeding and Evaluation of Kentucky Bluegrass, Tall Fescue, Perennial Ryegrass and Bentgrass for Turf Rutgers University
2013-02-463 Germplasm Improvement of Low-Input Fine Fescues in Response to Consumer Attitudes and Behaviors University of Minnesota
The Evaluation of Novel Hybrid Bluegrass in Northwest Oklahoma as Low-Input Turf
USDA-ARS Southern Plains Range Research
2015-01-516 Reduced Water Consumption of Perennial Ryegrass in the Western USA USDA-ARS Forage and Range Research
2017-12-622 Pre-Breeding for Bentgrass Germplasm Improvement University of Nebraska; USDA-ARS
2015-06-521 Understanding Endophyte-Mediated Dollar Spot Resistance in Red Fescue as a New Approach to Improving Management of Dollar Spot in Creeping Bentgrass Rutgers University
2016-25-575 Genetic Engineering of Turfgrass for Enhanced Multi-Stress Resistance   Clemson University
2012-24-458 Development of Large Patch Tolerant and Cold Hardy Zoysiagrass Cultivars Texas A&M University; Kansas State University; Purdue University
2014-03-492 Developing and Validating a New Method to Improve Breeding for Cold-Tolerant Bermudagrass University of Missouri; Oklahoma State University
2015-03-518 Utilizing Molecular Technologies to Develop Zoysiagrass Cultivars with Improved Cold Tolerance  North Carolina State University; Purdue University; University of Georgia
2016-01-551 Development of New Bermudagrass Varieties with Improved Turf Quality and Increased Stress Resistance  Oklahoma State University
2016-08-608 Breeding for Resistance to Winter Dormancy in Bermudagrass and Zoysiagrass University of Florida
2016-34-604 Identification of Bermudagrass and Zoysiagrass with Green Color Retention at Low Temperature USDA-ARS Forage and Range Research
2016-35-605 Developing Phenotypic and Genomic Tools to Study Salt Tolerance in Seashore Paspalum Donald Danforth Plant Science Center
2017-07-617 Physiological Mechanisms for Developing Improved Drought Tolerance in New Bermudagrasses University of Georgia
2017-11-621 Development of Seeded Zoysiagrass Cultivars with Improved Turf Quality and High Seed Yields Texas A&M University
2017-14-624 Development of a Shade-Tolerant Bermudagrass Cultivar(s) Suitable for Fine Turf Use Oklahoma State University
2017-21-631 Improvement of Bermudagrass, Zoysiagrass, and Kikuyugrass for Winter Color Retention and Drought Tolerance University of California
2003-36-278 Buffalograss Breeding and Genetics  University of Nebraska
2016-09-559 Breaking Seed Dormancy in Buffalograss University of Nebraska 
2007-16-357 Genetic Improvement of Prairie Junegrass University of Minnesota
2016-04-554 Development and Release of Turf-Type Saltgrass Variety Colorado State University
2016-05-555 Improved Wheatgrass Turf for Limited Irrigation Golf Course Roughs USDA-ARS Forage and Range Research
2017-33-643 Optimizing Seed Production and Stand Establishment of Two Minimum-Input Turfgrass Species University of Arizona