Fairway Fumigation Case Study

by Steve Godbehere, Director of Research stevegodbehere@usa.net
Hendrix and Dail, Inc. Submitted October 24, 1997

Fairways tend to decline over time. This decline is caused by several factors: intrusion by undesirable grasses, injury due to herbicides used in the control of intrusive grasses and weeds, the buildup of damaging populations of nematodes, damage by soil insects, non-uniform application of irrigation, and development of off-type grasses.

The total investment of a tee, fairway, and green is substantial. In order to maximize that investment, the golf course superintendent must maintain the quality of the entire hole over a long period of time. Renovation of a hole is both expensive and disruptive to the course.

Many golf course construction projects specify fumigation of the greens. However, many of these same projects miss the benefits of fumigation of the fairways. Fumigation of the fairways is a very small percentage of the total cost of new construction. It is even more cost effective on renovation projects.

The following pictures and descriptions illustrate the process of solid tarp soil fumigation on fairways and some of the benefits that occur.






(1) Injection of methyl bromide - chloripicrin mixtures 8 to 10 inches deep and the soil immediately covered by a continuous polyethylene tarp.





(2) The fairway remains covered a minimum of 48 hours with polyethylene tarp. Once the tarp is removed, the soil is allowed to air out for at least 3 days prior to planting or seeding.





(3) During the grow-in period, note reduced competition from grasses and weeds in the fumigated area.





(4) Later, during the grow-in period, note the heavy grass pressure outside of the treated area.





(5) Note the color difference in the treated area on the right of the slide. This is due to a healthier root system as a result of fumigation.





(6) Fairway at Riviera Country Club, Coral Gabels, Florida. Notice the transition in this fairway from the non-fumigated mottled area on the right, into the healthier, fumigated area on the left.





(7) Close-up of fumigated area of fairway at Riviera.





(8) Close-up of non-fumigated area of fairway at Riviera. Note the development of off- types and non-uniform coloring.


An investment in fumigation for new course construction or a renovation project will be repaid many times over in longevity of the stand, shortened grow-in period, and substantial savings in herbicide and nematicide applications.

Thanks to Mr. Steve Godbehere of Hendrix and Dail for his submission of this case study.

Steve can be contacted at:

Hendrix and Dail, Inc.
Steve Godbehere
905 4th St., N.W.
Cairo, GA 31728
Voice: (912) 377-6386
Fax: (914) 728-2814
stevegodbehere@usa.net

or contact

Mr. Roger Hruby, Chief Operating Officer
Rogerhruby@packet.net



Partner Links
AmEx image
AmEx image
AmEx image
AmEx image
Chevron
   

The USGA and Chevron have committed to using the game of golf to encourage students in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) disciplines. This commitment has led to the creation of extensive golf-focused STEM teaching tools, and has resulted in charitable contributions to support golf-related programs through Eagles for Education™

At U.S. Open Championships the Chevron STEM ZONE™ is an interactive experience highlighting the science and math behind the game of golf through a variety of hands-on exhibits and experiments.

The partnership has also produced educational materials such as the Science of Golf video series and a nationally-distributed newspaper insert which are provided to teachers as tools to enhance existing curriculum in schools. These lessons teach the science behind the USGA’s equipment testing, handicapping, and agronomy efforts.

For more interactive experiences featuring golf-focused STEM lessons, visit the partnership homepage.


Chevron image
Rolex
   

Rolex has been a longtime supporter of the USGA and salutes the sportsmanship and great traditions unique to the game. This support includes the Rules of Golf where Rolex has partnered with the USGA to ensure golfers understand and appreciate the game.

As the official timekeeper of the USGA and its championships, they also provide clocks throughout host sites for spectator convenience.

For more information on Rolex and their celebration of the game, visit the Rolex and Golf homepage.



Rolex image
IBM
   

IBM has partnered with the USGA to bring the same technology, expertise, and innovation it provides to businesses all over the world to the USGA and golf's national championship.

IBM provides the information technology to develop and host the U.S. Open’s official website, www.usopen.com, as well as the mobile apps and scoring systems for the three U.S. Open championships. These real-time technology solutions provide an enhanced experience for fans following the championship onsite and online.

For more information on IBM and the technology that powers the U.S. Open and businesses worldwide, visit http://www.usopen.com/IBM

AmEx image
Lexus
   

Lexus is committed to partnering with the USGA to deliver a best-in-class experience for the world’s best golfers by providing a fleet of courtesy luxury vehicles for all USGA Championships.

At each U.S. Open, Women’s Open and Senior Open, Lexus provides spectators with access to unique experiences ranging from the opportunity to have a picture taken with both the U.S. Open and U.S. Women’s Open trophies to autograph signings with legendary Lexus Golf Ambassadors in the Lexus Performance Drive Pavilion.

For more information on Lexus, visit http://www.lexus.com/

AmEx image
American Express
   

Together, American Express and the USGA have been providing world-class service to golf fans since 2006. By creating interactive U.S. Open experiences both onsite and online, American Express enhances the USGA’s effort to make the game more accessible and enjoyable for fans.

For more information on American Express visit www.americanexpress.com/entertainment


AmEx image