Course Construction

The USGA Green Section's Construction Education Program is provided as a service to everyone concerned with the proper construction and renovation of golf courses. The program's main goal is to provide high quality, agronomically sound construction information in a variety of formats. This information is valuable to golf course architects, builders, superintendents, owners and players in their efforts to build and maintain golf courses.

  Building and Maintaining the Truly Affordable Golf Course 
  Where Does Peat Come From Anyway? 
  Avoiding the Hazards of Golf Course Renovation 
  Contemporary Golf Course Architecture - Saga or Satire? 
  So, You Want to Renovate Your Golf Course? 

  Building The USGA Green: Tips For Success 
  USGA Green Construction Guidelines 
  Quality Control Sampling of Sand and Rootzone Mixture Stockpiles 
  Confidence Intervals 
  Physical Soil Testing Laboratories 
  History of USGA Greens 
  Quality Control Guidelines 
  Determining the Need for Reconstruction 
  Helping Your Greens Make the Grade - A Report Card 
  ASTM Procedures Required for Testing Putting Green Materials 
  Troubleshooting Checklist 
  Research Summaries 
  Revising the USGA's Recommendations for a Method of Putting Green Construction 

  Tee Construction With Laser Technology 

  A Useful Technique in Sand Bunker Renovation  
  Remodeling Sand Bunkers 
  How To Rebuild Eroding Bunker Faces 
  How to Select the Best Sand for Your Bunkers 

Partner Links
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The USGA and Chevron have committed to using the game of golf to encourage students in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) disciplines. This commitment has led to the creation of extensive golf-focused STEM teaching tools, and has resulted in charitable contributions to support golf-related programs through Eagles for Education™

At U.S. Open Championships the Chevron STEM ZONE™ is an interactive experience highlighting the science and math behind the game of golf through a variety of hands-on exhibits and experiments.

The partnership has also produced educational materials such as the Science of Golf video series and a nationally-distributed newspaper insert which are provided to teachers as tools to enhance existing curriculum in schools. These lessons teach the science behind the USGA’s equipment testing, handicapping, and agronomy efforts.

For more interactive experiences featuring golf-focused STEM lessons, visit the partnership homepage.

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Rolex has been a longtime supporter of the USGA and salutes the sportsmanship and great traditions unique to the game. This support includes the Rules of Golf where Rolex has partnered with the USGA to ensure golfers understand and appreciate the game.

As the official timekeeper of the USGA and its championships, they also provide clocks throughout host sites for spectator convenience.

For more information on Rolex and their celebration of the game, visit the Rolex and Golf homepage.

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IBM has partnered with the USGA to bring the same technology, expertise, and innovation it provides to businesses all over the world to the USGA and golf's national championship.

IBM provides the information technology to develop and host the U.S. Open’s official website,, as well as the mobile apps and scoring systems for the three U.S. Open championships. These real-time technology solutions provide an enhanced experience for fans following the championship onsite and online.

For more information on IBM and the technology that powers the U.S. Open and businesses worldwide, visit

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Lexus is committed to partnering with the USGA to deliver a best-in-class experience for the world’s best golfers by providing a fleet of courtesy luxury vehicles for all USGA Championships.

At each U.S. Open, Women’s Open and Senior Open, Lexus provides spectators with access to unique experiences ranging from the opportunity to have a picture taken with both the U.S. Open and U.S. Women’s Open trophies to autograph signings with legendary Lexus Golf Ambassadors in the Lexus Performance Drive Pavilion.

For more information on Lexus, visit

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American Express

Together, American Express and the USGA have been providing world-class service to golf fans since 2006. By creating interactive U.S. Open experiences both onsite and online, American Express enhances the USGA’s effort to make the game more accessible and enjoyable for fans.

For more information on American Express visit

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